How innovation could preserve culture, as climate change uproots communities

Some creative ways to rescue culture are emerging, including from heritage protection organizations that until now haven't played a big role in figuring out solutions to climate-related threats.

Kenny Roger/Reuters/File
A resident of the Pacific island of Niue collects cyclone-damaged belongings from a destroyed house on Jan. 8, 2004. Among other things, the cyclone destroyed 95 percent of the collection in Niue's museum.

When powerful Cyclone Heta hit the tiny Pacific island nation of Niue in 2004, it caused huge damage, including destroying 95 percent of the collection in Niue's museum.

Cultural losses like this are likely to increase as storms and floods super-charged by climate change cause more damage and displace a growing number of the world's most vulnerable people – particularly in low-lying island nations susceptible to rising sea levels – leaving behind family cemeteries, churches and familiar homes.

But some creative ways to protect culture are emerging, not least from heritage protection organizations that have long experience dealing with threats to culture but have not, until now, played a big role in figuring out solutions to climate-related threats.

In Syrian refugee camps in Jordan, for instance, residents are being helped to plant gardens to help them settle in – and being given seeds specifically of the familiar herbs they used to grow at home.

In Iraq, ancient buildings threatened by Islamic State extremists have been preserved digitally with 3D scanning equipment that can help project or reproduce an exact model of a building. This technology could also "save" important buildings threatened by erosion, flooding or other climate impacts.

So far there has been little connection between experts who preserve threatened heritage sites and experts in climate-linked displacement. "Our job is to build bridges," said Andrew Potts of the International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS), a 140-country network of heritage organizations and experts based in France.

"Climate mobility and displacement is a heritage issue, and heritage is a climate displacement and mobility issue," he said on the sidelines of the U.N. climate talks in Morocco, which ended Friday.

Climate threats to culture are already rising in many parts of the world. In the U.S. state of Louisiana, residents of flood-prone Isle de Jean Charles are receiving a $48 million grant from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to move their entire community to higher ground.

But the funding won't pay for the indigenous community to relocate deceased family members buried in the graveyard to a new cemetery, a process that under U.S. law is hugely costly. Some people say they won't go as a result.

Still, efforts are underway to capture and preserve as much of the island's unique character and history as possible before the move, to prevent the information being lost.

"Jean Charles will be a test case," said Victoria Herrmann, who is documenting U.S. communities moving as a result of sea-level rise and other climate change pressures as part of her work for the Arctic Institute. The idea is "to make sure when the last person leaves the island, there's a documented cultural history to bring along."

The effort in Isle de Jean Charles may not be an unqualified success, but "that's all good information" for the next time a community needs to move, she said.

Teresia Powell of Fiji's ministry of environment helped manage the relocation of the 140-family village of Vunidogoloa after it was inundated by sea-level rise and flooding from the Tabia River in 2010 as a result of Cyclone Thomas.

Keeping the relocation site as close to the old community as possible is one way to protect culture, she said, as is keeping people together rather than resettling them in different places.

"It's emotional when you move from a community you are attached to," Powell said. Vunidogoloa, after discussions with the community, was relocated just a 10-minute drive inland and still had a view of the sea. But people no longer lived alongside the water, or in the houses where they and their parents had been born, she said.

To make such moves work and protect as much as possible, "relocation should be thorough and slow," she urged.

The extent of the challenges associated with moving people and cultures is evident in language in some places, Herrmann said.

In Samoa in the Pacific Islands, for example, the words for "land" and "blood" are the same. "To move to a new spot challenges who you are," she said.

ICOMOS' Potts noted that when a community is forced to move, "it's inevitable some of their built heritage will have to be left behind." But many other aspects of culture, including language, crafts and festivals, can be easier to take along – though they may also be based on "a profound and deep understanding of a particular spot on the globe."

"This community wisdom is often quite transferable and usable in other contexts but it's fragile. How is that conserved as the community moves?" he asked.

Herrmann said it's worth remembering that some communities are already experts at preserving culture while on the move, such as Alaskan indigenous groups who traditionally switched between seasonal camps, carrying their culture with them.

"It's important to acknowledge that sometimes the community itself has the best resilience strategy," she said. The problem is determining whether old strategies can still work in an era of rapid changes in the climate – and bringing in new ideas for cultural preservation where needed, she added.

"In some places, changes are coming too quickly," she said. "It's only when you have both aspects together that you can do the best job when you have to make tough decisions."

Reporting by Laurie Goering; editing by Megan Rowling. This story originally appeared on the website of the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, property rights, and climate change. Visit

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.
Real news can be honest, hopeful, credible, constructive.
What is the Monitor difference? Tackling the tough headlines – with humanity. Listening to sources – with respect. Seeing the story that others are missing by reporting what so often gets overlooked: the values that connect us. That’s Monitor reporting – news that changes how you see the world.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to

QR Code to How innovation could preserve culture, as climate change uproots communities
Read this article in
QR Code to Subscription page
Start your subscription today