British Conservative lawmakers forced a no-confidence vote on Prime Minister Theresa May for Dec. 12, throwing UK politics deeper into crisis and Brexit further into doubt.
Ms. May vowed to fight for the leadership of her party and the country "with everything I've got" after opponents who have been circling for weeks finally got the numbers they needed to spark a vote among Conservative Party lawmakers later in the day.
The leadership challenge marks a violent eruption of the Conservative Party's decades-long divide over Europe.
The threat to May has been building as pro-Brexit lawmakers within the Conservative Party grew increasingly frustrated with the prime minister's conduct of Brexit and the divorce deal she has agreed with the European Union.
The challenge throws Britain's already rocky path out of the EU, which it is due to leave in March, into further chaos. It comes days after May postponed a vote to approve the divorce deal to avoid all-but-certain defeat.
Many supporters of Brexit say May's deal, a compromise that retains close economic ties with the EU, fails to deliver on the clean break with the bloc that they want.
Former Environment Secretary Owen Paterson accused May of acting like a "supplicant" in dealings with the EU.
"She's not the person to see Brexit through," he said.
But in a defiant statement outside 10 Downing St., May said "a change of leadership in the Conservative Party now will put our country's future at risk."
She said ousting her and holding a leadership vote – a process that could take weeks – could result in Brexit being delayed or even stopped.
May, who spent Dec. 11 touring EU capitals to appeal for changes to sweeten the divorce deal for reluctant UK lawmakers, has until Jan. 21 to hold a vote on her deal in Parliament, a timetable that could be scuttled if she is replaced.
Opposition lawmakers expressed astonishment and outrage at the Conservative civil war erupting in the middle of the fraught Brexit process.
"This government is a farce, the Tory party is in chaos, the prime minister is a disgrace," Scottish National Party leader Ian Blackford said during a pugnacious Prime Minister's Questions session in the House of Commons.
The pound, which has fallen in recent days as a Brexit deal was cast into doubt, took the news in stride, rising 0.8 percent to $1.2595.
But business figures expressed alarm at the prospect of even more political uncertainty.
"At one of the most pivotal moments for the UK economy in decades, it is unacceptable that Westminster politicians have chosen to focus on themselves, rather than on the needs of the country," said Adam Marshall, director general of the British Chambers of Commerce.
Graham Brady, who heads a committee overseeing Conservative leadership contests, announced early Dec. 12 that he had received letters from at least 48 lawmakers asking for a vote. That's the 15 percent of Conservative legislators needed to spark a leadership challenge under party rules.
Mr. Brady said the vote would be held in Parliament between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. (1 p.m.-3 p.m. ET) on Dec. 12, with the results announced soon after.
If she loses the confidence vote, May must step down and there will be a contest to choose a new Conservative leader. She will remain leader, and prime minister, until the successor is picked.
Brady said that the party aimed to finish the first stage of any leadership contest – in which lawmakers vote to whittle down the field of contenders to two – before Parliament breaks for Christmas on Dec. 20. The final two contenders would then be put to the nationwide party membership in a postal ballot.
If May wins, she can't be challenged again for a year, so a decisive victory could strengthen her hand.
May canceled a Dec. 12 trip to Dublin to meet Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar so she could stay in London and battle for lawmakers' support. She planned to address backbench lawmakers just before the leadership ballot opens, and there was speculation she could try to win support by promising to step down before the next election, due in 2022.
If all Tory lawmakers cast ballots, May needs 158 votes to win, though a narrow victory could leave her weakened and under pressure to resign. But allies said May would stay in post even if she secured a wafer-thin win.
"I think she needs to win by one," said International Trade Secretary Liam Fox.
Several leading Brexiteers, including former Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson and ex-Brexit Secretary Dominic Raab, have said loudly that they think they could get a better deal with the EU, and are likely to enter a race to replace her.
More conciliatory candidates, including Home Secretary Sajid Javid and Work and Pensions Secretary Amber Rudd, are also possible contenders.
Ahead of the vote, Cabinet colleagues rallied to May's support. Mr. Javid tweeted that a leadership contest, with Brexit little more than three months away, "will be seen as self-indulgent and wrong. PM has my full support and is best person to ensure we leave EU on 29 March."
Justice Secretary David Gauke said: "I think it's vital for the country that she wins tonight."
He said that if May lost, "I don't think we will be leaving the European Union on the 29th of March."
This story was reported by The Associated Press.