US, Central America work toward common ground at security conference

United States and Central American officials agree that addressing problems of illegal immigration and drug trafficking through economic aid will benefit both sides of the border.

Wilfredo Lee/AP
Colombia's minister of Finance Mauricio Cardenas (l.), talks with Vice President Mike Pence (r.), during a conference on Prosperity and Security on Thursday, June 15, 2017, in Miami.

United States and Central American officials found common ground Thursday on the benefits of economic development as a way to fight violence and drug trafficking and reduce illegal immigration.

At a conference on Central American security and economic issues, officials in the administration of President Trump repeatedly said that strengthening the US border and reducing the flow of migrants – key elements of Mr. Trump's agenda – depend on stabilizing a region that has been engulfed in drug-fueled violence in recent years. Leaders of Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala agreed.

Vice President Mike Pence noted the presence of 85,000 gang members in those three countries, which make up the "Northern Triangle," and said their activities "radiate outward and reach the United States" while US-bound drugs flow through Central America. Addressing those problems and the flow of migrants north requires building up the economies of the countries, he said.

"A flourishing economy gives people a reason, a reason to put down roots in the land of their birth and to grow rather than fleeing to the north," Mr. Pence said. "Good paying jobs give people an alternative to a life of poverty, hopelessness and crime."

His remarks came at the start of the two-day Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America, which also includes senior officials from Mexico.

The public comments were followed by a series of private meetings that included discussion of whether the United States will extend the temporary legal residency status of about 200,000 migrants from Central America who have been allowed to stay in the US without becoming citizens for nearly 20 years. A decision on the issue is expected next year.

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said the US views it as practical to assist the three countries. "What happens in the Northern Triangle countries of El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala directly affects the security and economic interests of the United States and other countries in the region," he said.

Central American leaders echoed the call for strengthening the economies of the region and their ability to fight drug trafficking and the gangs that have overwhelmed the countries. They said they have made gains thanks to assistance from the US, which dramatically increased support for the three countries following a sharp increase in the number of unaccompanied minors crossing the US border in 2014.

"Irregular migration creates risks for everyone," Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales said. "Nobody wants that."

Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernandez indirectly warned of the consequences of ending support for the region.

"A convulsing Central America, faced with a lack of opportunities and with violence, is a tremendous risk for the United States, Mexico and the region," he said. "On the contrary, a prosperous and peaceful Central America is America's best investment in support of its people and, of course, a great investment for us."

Pence noted the Trump administration has proposed $460 million in assistance, to be used to strengthen law enforcement and develop their economies. He didn't mention that the amount is 30 percent less than was approved last year by Congress under Former President Barack Obama, which has dismayed some experts on the region.

"We think it's very difficult to signal support effectively when you are proposing such draconian cuts," said Geoff Thale, a program director with the Washington Office on Latin America.

Mr. Tillerson later told reporters that the cut in aid did not come up in his discussions. "No one came to our meetings with their hand out," he said.

Carlos Diaz Rosillo, director of policy and interagency coordination in the White House, said the US and the Central American leaders hoped to make commitments on infrastructure plans and energy reform, among other things. He dismissed concerns about the reduced funding, which are part of wider cuts that proposed throughout the government by Trump.

"We are still contributing and we are still hoping to have strong relationships despite the budget cuts that we are seeing throughout the federal government," he said. "It should not be seen as singling out Central America because that's not the case at all."

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.

QR Code to US, Central America work toward common ground at security conference
Read this article in
https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Americas/2017/0616/US-Central-America-work-toward-common-ground-at-security-conference
QR Code to Subscription page
Start your subscription today
https://www.csmonitor.com/subscribe