Iran frees detained US resident

Nizar Zakka, an internet freedom advocate, was detained in Tehran in 2015. Mr. Zakka, who has been released to his native Lebanon, was accused of being an American spy and sentenced to 10 years in prison. Motivations behind his release remain unclear.

Nizar Zakka (l.), a U.S. citizen, sits next to Lebanon's Maj. Gen. Abbas Ibrahim on June 11, 2019. In this image from the official twitter page of the Lebanese General Security Directorate after Mr. Zakka was released from Iran where spent the past four years in jail.

A United States permanent resident and Lebanese businessman who was imprisoned for years in Iran has been freed and is on his way back to his native Lebanon, an official in Beirut said Tuesday.

Nizar Zakka, held in Iran since 2015, was on a plane accompanied by the chief of Lebanon's General Security Directorate, Gen. Ibrahim Abbas, heading to the Lebanese capital, according to the official.

The official spoke to The Associated Press on condition of anonymity in line with regulations.

Mr. Zakka is one of several prisoners with either dual nationality or links to the West held in Iran. His release comes as tensions between Iran and the U.S. remain high after President Donald Trump withdrew America from Tehran's nuclear deal with world powers.

Earlier Tuesday, an Iranian judiciary official confirmed that Tehran has agreed to hand over Mr. Zakka to Lebanese officials, providing the first official confirmation of his release, which had been anticipated for days.

"A court has accepted the condition of freedom of Nizar Zakka and he will be handed over to Lebanese officials," judiciary spokesman Gholamhossein Esmaili said, according to the judiciary's Mizan news agency.

A report Monday on the Iranian state TV's website mirrored an earlier one carried by the semi-official Fars news agency about Mr. Zakka, an internet freedom advocate who was arrested in September 2015 while trying to fly out of Tehran, Iran. He had just attended a conference there on the invitation of one of the country's vice presidents.

The state TV, like Fars, both quoted an anonymous source saying Mr. Zakka's forthcoming release should only be seen as a "sign of respect," for the Lebanese militant Hezbollah group and its leader, Hassan Nasrallah.

"In this regard, no negotiations have taken place at any level with any person or any government," state TV said.

Mr. Esmaili stressed that Mr. Zakka's release was within "the frame of the law."

"We reviewed the [Lebanese] president's request through the Supreme National Security Council," Mr. Esmaili said. "Also, the Lebanese Hezbollah group considered the approval of his freedom as prudent."

State TV later quoted an anonymous source as saying Mr. Zakka would be released on Tuesday afternoon and will be allowed to leave Tehran, Iran.

In 2016, Iran sentenced Mr. Zakka to 10 years in prison. Authorities accused him of being an American spy, allegations vigorously rejected by his family and associates.

Mr. Zakka, who lives in Washington and holds resident status in the U.S., leads the Arab ICT Organization, or IJMA3, an industry consortium from 13 countries that advocates for information technology in the region.

In 2016, The Associated Press reported that Mr. Zakka's supporters wrote to then-Secretary of State John Kerry, stating Mr. Zakka travelled to Iran "with the knowledge and approval of the U.S. State Department, and his trip was funded by grants" from it.

Mr. Zakka's IJMA3 organization had received at least $730,000 in contracts and grants since 2009 from both the State Department and USAID, the lead American government agency fighting poverty and promoting democracy across the world.

The State Department has yet to respond to a years-old request from the AP for information about those grants.

Shahindokht Molaverdi, an adviser to President Hassan Rouhani who as a vice president invited Mr. Zakka to Iran, told the AP in September that Iran's government had "failed" to help Mr. Zakka.

"This is in no way approved by the government," Ms. Molaverdi said. "We did all we could to stop this from happening, but we are seeing that we have failed to make a significant impact."

This story was reported by The Associated Press. AP writers Amir Vahdat in Tehran, Iran, and Jon Gambrell in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, contributed to this report.

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