As Germans celebrate Unification Day, a 'mental Berlin wall' persists

As the nation commemorates the anniversary of the falling of the Berlin Wall, the recent election reveals how little East and West Germans understand each other.

Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters
German Chancellor Angela Merkel meets with citizens celebrating German Unification Day in Mainz, Germany on Oct. 3, 2017.

Germany's Sept. 24 national election has shown the country is divided by new, less visible "walls," President Frank-Walter Steinmeier said on Tuesday, the anniversary of German reunification.

Speaking 27 years after East and West Germany were reunited following the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall, Mr. Steinmeier said the election, which saw the far-right enter parliament, had exposed "large and small cracks" in society and he called on democratic lawmakers to work together to fight any return to nationalism.

"On September 24th, it became clear that other walls have arisen, less visible, without barbed wire and death-strips, but walls that stand in the way of our common sense of 'us'," Steinmeier said in a speech in the western city of Mainz.

Chancellor Angela Merkel won a fourth term in office in the election, but the vote brought a far-right party into parliament for the first time in more than half a century. A fractured vote means she will have to govern with a far less stable coalition.

Steinmeier, a center-left Social Democrat who was foreign minister before taking up the largely ceremonial presidency role in March, said that Germany now has "walls between our living environments."

He said these had sprung up "between city and country, online and offline, poor and rich, old and young – walls, from behind which people hardly understand anything of each other."

A poll on Monday showed nearly two-thirds of Germans still see divisions between those in the former communist East and the West, a sort of "Berlin Wall in the head."

In Germany's new parliament, comprising six party groups compared to four previously, "political culture will change," Steinmeier said. The far-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) has vowed to "hunt" the new government, whatever its make-up.

The president urged lawmakers to show that "democrats have better solutions than those who abuse democracy," and to never allow a return to nationalism. He said Germany needed a sense of "homeland" with a common, democratic, way forward.

A leading member of the AfD, Alexander Gauland, provoked outrage last month for saying that Germans should no longer be reproached with their Nazi past and should take pride in what their soldiers achieved during World War One and Two.

Steinmeier said Germany needed an honest discussion about immigration – the issue that fueled the rise of the AfD after Merkel's 2015 decision to leave German borders open to around 1 million refugees, mostly fleeing war in the Middle East.

He called for discussion about how much migration Germany wants, and needs, adding that this could mean new guidelines.

"In my view, this means not simply wishing away migration but ... defining legal admission to Germany, which regulates and controls migration by our stipulations," he said.

This story was reported by Reuters.

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.
Real news can be honest, hopeful, credible, constructive.
What is the Monitor difference? Tackling the tough headlines – with humanity. Listening to sources – with respect. Seeing the story that others are missing by reporting what so often gets overlooked: the values that connect us. That’s Monitor reporting – news that changes how you see the world.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to

QR Code to As Germans celebrate Unification Day, a 'mental Berlin wall' persists
Read this article in
QR Code to Subscription page
Start your subscription today