Marine Le Pen: When is plagiarism just a 'nod-and-a-wink'?

Aides of the far-right French presidential candidate said the sections of a speech she lifted from a former opponent was an ode to Francois Fillon. 

Charles Platiau/Reuters
Marine Le Pen, French National Front (FN) candidate for the 2017 presidential election, attends a campaign rally in Villepinte, near Paris, France, May 1, 2017.

French far-right presidential candidate Marine Le Pen came under fire on social media on Tuesday for lifting sections of a speech from a conservative rival, in what LePen aides said was a "nod-and-a-wink" to his voters.

Although the speech caused an online sensation over plagiarism, it appeared to be an attempt by Ms. Le Pen to reach out to supporters of Francois Fillon, who was knocked out in the April 23 first round of voting after coming third with 20 percent of the vote.

Polls show Le Pen lagging centrist frontrunner Emmanuel Macron by around 20 points before next Sunday's runoff and she needs to broaden her base to stand a chance of winning. Mr. Fillon has urged voters to back Mr. Macron.

In one part of her May 1 speech, lasting about 50 seconds, Le Pen talked about people learning French in Argentina and Poland, and on waiting lists to study at the Alliance Francaise official French schools abroad, in a word-per-word lifting of a mid-April speech by Fillon.

Le Pen added to Fillon's comment that this showed France is more than a military and industrial power, that France "must and can" become a big power again.

It was the second most trending topic on Twitter in France, with the hashtag #plagiat – plagiarismin French.

One Twitter user, @RidiculeTV, posted both excerpts together on Twitter.

The incident had echoes of an incident during last year's US election when a writer for then-candidate Donald Trump's campaign apologized for a speech by Mr. Trump's wife Melania that drew accusations of plagiarism.


The National Front (FN) candidate's team was unrepentant, however. Florian Philippot, an FN deputy leader, said the party "completely owned up" to the fact that the speech resembled one by Fillon.

Le Pen also described France's borders and ties with "Italy, our sister" – again a phrase used in Fillon's April 15 speech, and used the same quote from early 20th century French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau.

In another excerpt about prospects of cooperation with France's neighbors, where the words were again the same as in Fillon's speech, Le Pen added that this would require France not being "a vassal" of Germany.

French newspapers and social media highlighted the similarities, but Le Pen aides brushed off the criticism.

Mr. Philippot told Radio Classique that Le Pen's speech was a "nod-and-a-wink" to Fillon's speech in order to "launch a real debate" about French identity.

Le Pen's campaign manager David Rachline also played down plagiarism accusations, painting her speech as a form of tribute to Fillon. The reference "was appreciated, including by all of Mr. Fillon's supporters," Mr. Rachline told France 2 television.

There was no immediate comment from Fillon.

Separately, several French business leaders, writing in French business daily Les Echos, warned against what Veolia chief Antoine Frerot called the "catastrophe for French businesses and people" of Le Pen's favored scrapping of the euro currency and other parts of the FN manifesto.

The latest Ipsos Sopra Steria poll on Tuesday showed Macron winning 60 percent of second-round votes to Le Pen's 40 percent.

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