“Some days back the Secretary General of NATO [Anders Fogh Rasmussen] on his visit to Kabul said that the Taliban are not strong enough now,” Zabihullah Mujahid, the Taliban’s main spokesman, told the Monitor in a phone interview from an undisclosed location. “This was a clear message to him to show how strong we are, and they did not put serious attention to Afghanistan issue."
Fighters commandeered buildings near to the parliament and key foreign embassies, sending heavy gunfire and explosions into some of the most sensitive regions of the capital. Full casualty reports are still pending, but the Ministry of Interior says that five people have been wounded thus far in the Kabul attacks. The Afghan Ministry of Defense, meanwhile, says that its security forces have surrounded all the groups of Taliban fighters and brought the situation under control.
The value of the Sunday Taliban attacks is more symbolic than strategic. Afghan security forces appeared to contain the situation without calling in for assistance from the American-led International Security and Assistance Force (ISAF). But by deploying small numbers of fighters to a variety of locations in Kabul’s diplomatic quarter, the Taliban has played to its own strength – of creating a sense of insecurity among the Afghan population, and generating headlines that will embarrass both the Afghan government and its Western backers.
The attacks come as the Afghan government and its Western backers signalled, again, their willingness to pursue negotiations with the Taliban. On Saturday, Salahuddin Rabbani was appointed to head Afghanistan's High Peace Council, a post left vacant by the assassination of his father. Spectacular attacks, including Burhanuddin Rabbani's assassination, have pushed talks to the breaking point several times before. It remains unclear if today's attacks were designed as another spoiler for negotiations.
“There is the possibility of fighting and considering talking at the same time, and I don’t think that this attack is a rejection of talks,” says Martine van Bijlert, co-director of the Afghanistan Analysts Network in Kabul. “It takes a long time to prepare an attack like this. I think the Taliban want to start the fighting season with a bang, and this is it.”
“It’s specifically designed for grabbing headlines, without actually carrying out a fullout attack on these high profile targets,” says Ms. van Bijlert. “The key is for them to get into these abandoned buildings that are strategically placed, and start shooting, and create the impression that they are attacking.”
There are reports that several more attackers were intercepted on the way to locations, she adds, but in the meantime, these attacks tend to “close down the city.” For a group like the Taliban, which operates as a guerrilla group, with relatively light weaponry carried by individuals – rifles, rocket propelled grenade launchers, perhaps mortars – the Sunday afternoon attacks are perfectly suited for “giving the impression that Kabul is under attack,” says van Bijlert. “With limited means, you can project something larger than you are actually capable of doing.”
Fighting started near luxury hotel
In Kabul itself, Taliban teams started with a building near the new Kabul Star Hotel – a luxury hotel being built within the highly secure VIP area within central Kabul. Several embassies are within firing distance from the hotel, including those of Iran, India, Germany, Turkey, China, Japan, Britain, and France. Also within firing range are the US military’s Camp Eggers and the ISAF headquarters.
Simultaneously, Taliban gunmen snuck inside the Afghan Milli Bank branch near Parliament on the west side of Kabul. There are no reports of casualties, but several members of parliament took up weapons and fired back on the militants from parliament, according to parliamentarian Mohammad Naeem Lalai.
In Jalalabad, at the gate to the city's airport – where US troops are based – there are reports of a suicide attack. And Taliban gunmen are also reported to have attacked the governor’s house in Pul-e Alam, the capital of Logar Province, which borders Kabul Province to the south. Fighting is also reported in the capital of the southeastern province of Paktia.
In an emailed statement, the Ministry of Interior says its forces identified and intercepted a car carrying explosives. “During the fight a [Toyota van] full of explosives was driving on the Darul Aman road and was recognized by the security personnel and was blown up,” the ministry statement says.
Residents losing faith in security
Mohammad Rahim, a shopkeeper on Kabul’s Butcher Street, says he can’t understand how the Taliban were able to mount such an attack in Kabul itself.
"There is military and police everywhere on the streets of Kabul, they check cars coming to Kabul from provinces, but still these kind of massive attacks happen,” Mr. Rahim says. “It means that even the security people are helping them [the Taliban] or the police personnel are lazy in their jobs."
He says he has lost faith in the government and foreign forces to bring security in the country.
"Everyone in the leadership is just busy with corruption, foreigners are corrupt too. Just poor people are suffering because of insecurity and poverty,” he says. “See how many poor and those people who work on streets would be killed today? I believe there will be a lot."
Chargul, a money changer, was standing along the road near the Iranian embassy when he heard the sound of gunfire near Charahe Zanbaq and 17th street of Kabul's upscale Wazir Akbar Khan neighborhood.
"After the shooting there was a big blast at first minute and then huge firing started,” says Chargul, who uses only one name. “People just started to run to safe areas. All I could see was just some dust in the air."
Chargul thinks that a coordinated attack like the one that happened today is too complex for an ill-educated group of gunmen like the Taliban.
"Taliban originally came from madrasas [the religious seminaries],” he says. “They have no idea about fighting. It is Pakistan who trains them and gives them plans for attacks."