Francisco Kjolseth/AP
Bears Ears National Monument in Utah, seen here in May, 2017, has shrunk by 85% under the U.S. government's downsizing plans that were finalized Feb. 7, 2020. The Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument has been cut by nearly half.

Trump shrinks Utah's national monuments to allow mining

Two years ago, the Trump administration revealed plans to open land in two national monuments for mining. On Thursday, those plans were implemented, drawing protest from Utah conservationists and tribal groups. 

The U.S. government implemented final management plans Thursday for two national monuments in Utah that President Donald Trump downsized more than two years ago. The changes allow lands previously off-limits to energy development will be open to mining and drilling despite pending lawsuits.

The lands have generated little interest from energy companies in the two years since Mr. Trump cut the size of Bears Ears National Monument by 85% and Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument by nearly half, said Casey Hammond, acting Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management with the U. S. Department of the Interior.

Mr. Hammond said the department had a duty to work on the management plans after Mr. Trump signed his proclamations in December 2017, despite the pending lawsuits by conservation, tribal, and paleontology groups aiming to restore the monuments to their original sizes.

"If we stopped and waited for every piece of litigation to be resolved we would never be able to do much of anything around here," he said.

Conservation groups that have called the decision the largest elimination of protected land in American history criticized the administration on Thursday for spending time on management plans they believe will become moot. They contend Mr. Trump misused the Antiquities Act to reverse decisions by previous presidents.

A federal judge last year rejected the administration's bid to dismiss the lawsuits. In a recent court filing, tribal groups said the Bears Ears lands are "a living and vital place where ancestors passed from one world to the next, often leaving their mark in petroglyphs or painted handprints, and where modern day tribal members can still visit them."

It's unknown how long it will take before a judge rules on lawsuits that were filed two years ago.

"It's the height of arrogance for Trump to rush through final decisions on what's left of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Escalante while we're fighting his illegal evisceration of these national monuments in court," said Randi Spivak, public lands director at the Center for Biological Diversity. "Trump is eroding vital protections for these spectacular landscapes. We won't rest until all of these public lands are safeguarded for future generations."

The biggest fear by conservationists is that the excluded lands on some of the most pristine stretches of the American Southwest will become ravaged by mining, drilling, and extraction. They also worry about off-road vehicle use and logging. Government officials opted to allow off-road vehicles on designated routes in Bears Ears, for instance, rather than choosing broader closures.

President Bill Clinton created the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in 1996 on lands home to cliffs, canyons, waterfalls, and arches in southern Utah. President Barack Obama created Bears Ears National Monument in 2016 on a scenic swath of southern Utah with red rock plateaus, cliffs, and ancient ruins on land considered sacred to tribes.

Market dynamics have limited interest in a large coal reserve found in the now unprotected lands cut from Grand Staircase and uranium on lands cut from Bears Ears.

But an economic analysis by the U.S. government estimates coal production could lead to $208 million in annual revenues and $16.6 million in royalties on lands cut from Grand Staircase. Oil and gas wells in that area could produce $4.1 million in annual revenues, the analysis says.

If interest comes as energy market forces shift, Mr. Hammond said the lands cut remain under federal control and governed by "time-tested laws" and subject to environmental regulations. He rebuffed the oft-repeated claim from conservation groups that there would be a "free-for-all" for mineral development.

"Any suggestion that these lands and resources will be adversely impacted by the mere act of being excluded from the monuments is simply not true," Mr. Hammond said.

Mr. Trump cut the size monuments following review of 27 national monuments by then-Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke. He recommended shrinking two other monuments as well, but Mr. Trump has yet to take action.

Mr. Trump said he scaled back the size of the monuments to reverse misuse of the Antiquities Act by previous Democratic presidents that he said led to oversized monuments that hinder energy development, grazing, and other uses. The move earned cheers from Republican leaders in Utah including former U.S. Sen. Orrin Hatch and current Gov. Gary Herbert.

U.S. Sen. Mitt Romney of Utah also offered praise to the Trump administration for moving ahead with the plans, one day after he earned the ire of the GOP and Mr. Trump by voting to convict the president in the impeachment trial.

"I appreciate the work that the president and Secretary Bernhardt have done with our state to develop plans that will allow more of our land to be used for recreation, grazing, and management practices," Senator Romney said in a statement.

The Bureau of Land Management posted online the voluminous and detailed management plans for the monuments, which are being sliced into non-contiguous sections rather than one large swath as in the original boundaries. The agency also created a "Myth vs Fact" web page about Bears Ears, in which it clarifies that no extraction or commercial logging is allowed within the changed boundaries.

The agency says it received about 250,500 comments about the plans, most of which were dismissed because they dealt with the size reduction, legality of that move, or timing of the planning effort. Of the comments, the agency said four included valid protests that led to changes in the final plan.

This story was reported by The Associated Press. 

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