US begins gradual drawdown of troops from Iraq

Following Baghdad's declaration of victory over ISIS last year, American troops have begun to filter out of Iraq. The move comes with the release of the Pentagon's National Defense Strategy that cited China and Russia as growing national security priorities.

Balint Szlanko/AP/File
US soldiers survey the village of Abu Ghaddur in August 2017 in Iraq. America troops have begun to file out of the nation just three months ahead of national elections, according to Western contractors at a US-led coalition base.

American troops have started to draw down from Iraq following Baghdad's declaration of victory over the so-called Islamic State group (ISIS) last year, according to Western contractors at a United States-led coalition base in Iraq.

In Baghdad, an Iraqi government spokesman on Monday confirmed to The Associated Press that the drawdown has begun, though he stressed it was still in its early stages and doesn't mark the beginning of a complete pullout of US forces.

Dozens of American soldiers have been transported from Iraq to Afghanistan on daily flights over the past week, along with weapons and equipment, the contractors said.

An AP reporter at the Al Asad base in western Iraq saw troop movements reflecting the contractors' account. The contractors spoke on condition of anonymity in line with regulations and declined to reveal the exact size of the drawdown.

"Continued coalition presence in Iraq will be conditions-based, proportional to the need, and in coordination with the government of Iraq," coalition spokesman Army Col. Ryan Dillon told the AP when asked for comment.

Government spokesman Saad al-Hadithi said "the battle against Daesh has ended, and so the level of the American presence will be reduced." Daesh is the Arabic language acronym for ISIS.

Mr. Hadithi spoke just hours after AP reported the American drawdown – the first since the war against ISIS was launched over three years ago.

One senior Iraqi official close to Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said 60 percent of all American troops currently in country will be withdrawn, according to the initial agreement reached with the US. The plan would leave a force of about 4,000 US troops to continue training the Iraqi military.

The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk to the media.

A Pentagon report released in November said there were 8,892 US troops in Iraq as of late September.

The US first launched airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq in August 2014. At the time the military intervention was described as "limited," but as Iraq's military struggled to roll back the extremists, the US-led coalition's footprint in the country steadily grew.

"We've had a recent change of mission and soon we'll be supporting a different theater of operations in the coming month," US Army 1st Lt. William John Raymond told the AP at Al-Asad.

He spoke as he and a handful of soldiers from his unit conducted equipment inventory checks required before leaving Iraq. Mr. Raymond declined to specify where his unit was being redeployed, in line with regulations as the information has not yet been made public.

The drawdown of US forces comes just three months ahead of national elections in Iraq, where the indefinite presence of American troops continues to be a divisive issue.

Mr. Abadi, who is looking to remain in office for another term, has long struggled to balance the often competing interests of Iraq's two key allies: Iran and the US.

While the US has closely backed key Iraqi military victories over ISIS such as the retaking of the city of Mosul, Iraq's Shiite-led paramilitary forces with close ties to Iran have called for the withdrawal of US forces. The prime minister has previously stated that Iraq's military will need American training for years to come.

The Iraq drawdown also follows the release of the Pentagon's National Defense Strategy that cited China's rapidly expanding military and an increasingly aggressive Russia as the US military's top national security priorities.

"Great power competition, not terrorism, is now the primary focus of US national security," Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said last month in remarks outlining the strategy.

Iraq declared victory over ISIS in December after more than three years of grueling combat against the extremists in a war Iraqi forces fought with close US support. In 2014, at the height of the Sunni militant group's power, ISIS controlled nearly a third of Iraqi territory.

While ISIS' self-styled caliphate stretching across Iraq and Syria has crumbled and the militants no longer hold a contiguous stretch of territory, in Iraq, the group continues to pose a security risk, according to Iraqi and American officials.

ISIS maintains a "cellular structure" of fighters who carry out attacks in Iraq aimed at disrupting local security, US Marine Corps Brig. Gen. James Glynn told reporters during a Pentagon briefing last month.

Mr. Glynn pledged continued support for Iraq's security forces, but acknowledged US-led coalition "capabilities" in Iraq would likely shift now that conventional combat operations against the group have largely ceased.

There were some 170,000 American troops in Iraq in 2007 at the height of the surge of US forces to combat sectarian violence unleashed by the US-led invasion of the country to oust dictator Saddam Hussein. US troop numbers eventually wound down to 40,000 before the complete withdrawal in 2011.

This story was reported by The Associated Press.

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