What Thomas Jefferson's hidden lab teaches about US science education

The discovery of a hidden chemistry classroom at the University of Virginia sheds light on the shift from religion to science as a central principle of education at US universities.

Dan Addison/University of Virginia/AP/File
This chemical hearth was found in the Rotunda at the University of Virginia during a renovation at the school in Charlottesville, Va., Sept. 23.

History and science collided at the University of Virginia on Friday, when the school announced the discovery of a hidden chemistry lab amid ongoing renovations of its historic Rotunda building.

The room offers a glimpse into the way science was taught in the mid-19th century, as well as to the role of Thomas Jefferson – who founded the university in 1819 – in facilitating the shift from religion to science as a central principle of higher education in the United States.

“It really is the beginning of the teaching of science” as fundamental, said Jody Lahendro, a supervisory historic preservation architect for UVA. “The Enlightenment, changing the viewpoint of the world.”

Workers examining cavities in the Rotunda’s walls found a chemical hearth, designed for laboratory experiments, sealed in one of the lower floors, protecting the room from a fire that struck the building in 1895.

The room – which includes the hearth, fireboxes that provided heat, and five workstations cut into countertops, according to UVA’s official press release – was modeled after a laboratory in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, a lab run by William J. MacNeven, who mentored the university’s first professor of natural history, John Emmet.

Correspondence between Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Emmet suggests the lab was first equipped and used as part of their then-unusual idea to have students participate in rather than simply observe experiments.

The endeavor is emblematic of Jefferson’s emphasis on designing the campus in a way that reflected his vision for education at the university: for instance, the 10 pavilions erected along the open courtyard known as the Lawn “were to be centers of learning where professors both taught and lived with their families,” the Associated Press reported.

The chemical hearth may have been closed up in the mid-1840s, according to UVA, when the chemistry lab was transferred to the Rotunda’s southwest wing. Today, the university’s chemistry department has its own building and modern facilities, but the newfound hearth highlights a key period of UVA’s history.

“The hearth is significant as something of the University’s early academic years,” Mark Kutney, an architectural conservator in the University Architect’s office, said in the university release. “[W]e hope to present the remainder of the hearth as essentially unrestored, preserving its evidence of use.”

The chemical hearth will remain on permanent display once the Rotunda’s renovations – a $50 million project that is the building’s first major revamp since 1976 – are completed in spring 2016.

“This may be the oldest intact example of early chemical education in this country,” said Brian Hogg, senior historic preservation planner in the Office of the Architect for the University.

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.