In 2010, an Australian imam named Feiz Muhammad issued a fatwa calling for the beheading of Dutch right-wing politician Geert Wilders, who made anti-Islam statements relating to Muslim immigration.
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Rick Nederstigt/AFP/Getty Images/Newscom/File
In 2004, Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh released the film 'Submission,' which criticized the treatment of women in Islam and aroused controversy among Muslims. He was assassinated by Mohammed Bouyeri, a Dutch-Moroccan Muslim, on November 2, 2004.
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Danish cartoonist Kurt Westergaard drew a controversial cartoon of the Prophet Mohammed wearing a bomb in his turban; several attempts on his life have been made, and he lives under constant police protection.
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Beowulf Sheehan/PEN American Center/File
Author Salman Rushdie's 1998 novel 'The Satanic Verses' offended some Muslims to the extent that a fatwa was issued against him by Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, then the Supreme Leader of Iran, on Feb. 14, 1989. Mr. Rushdie went into hiding for years. In 1989 there was a failed attempt on his life.
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In February, influential Muslim cleric Yusuf al-Qaradawi issued a fatwa that any Libyan soldier who can shoot embattled leader Muammar Gaddafi dead should do so ‘to rid Libya of him’ because Mr. Gaddafi turned his military on his own people.
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Evangelical pastor Jerry Falwell said on '60 minutes' in 2002, 'I think Mohammed was a terrorist.' Mohsen Mojtahed Shabestari, the spokesman of Iran's Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, issued a fatwa for Falwell's death, saying that Falwell was a 'mercenary and must be killed.' Mr. Falwell died in 2007 of natural causes.
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Somali-Dutch feminist Ayaan Hirsi Ali wrote 'Infidel: The Story of My Enlightenment,' an autobiography which gives a graphic account of how she rejected her faith and the violence she says was inflicted on her in the name of Islam. Ms. Ali has received death threats because of her screenplay for Theo Van Gogh's film about women and Islam, 'Submission.'
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A Muslim militant has urged American followers to assassinate television host David Letterman, a US intelligence monitoring group said on Aug. 17. Mr. Letterman allegedly made a joke about the killing of senior Al Qaeda member Ilyas Kashmiri on his show "Late Night with David Letterman.
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A radical Muslim group warned Matt Stone (l.) and Trey Parker, the creators of 'South Park,' that they could face violent retribution for depicting the prophet Mohammed in a bear suit during a 2006 episode.