Africans have long accepted the world’s view of Africa – a place with too many problems to expect much and constantly in need of charity. But in the past decade, many Africans have rejected this tyranny of low expectations.
Dubbed “the cheetah generation,” they are the millions of young and educated entrepreneurs who are ready to pounce on opportunities for growth – much like Asians who created that region’s “tiger economies” in the 1960s.
These cheetahs will be one of the main topics at this weekend’s Group of Eight summit in what has become a yearly discussion about what wealthy countries can do for the world’s poorest continent. On the table this year is an initiative from the United States that brings together 45 companies that have promised to invest $3 billion on agricultural projects in six African countries.
Is Africa now ripe for economic takeoff? That can be hard to see when more than half of the people in sub-Saharan Africa still live on less than $1.25 a day.
Yet the continent is now the world’s eighth-largest economy and also has the youngest in population. Since the 1990s, Africans have seen positive trends in democracy, debt reduction, and the use of “leapfrog” technologies like cellphones and renewable energy.
Africa also has most of the world’s arable land. The US initiative is aimed at reaching those cheetahs who will raise farm productivity and turn subsistence farmers into commercial ones.
Private investment may be the best way to tap into the mental shift among young Africans who are now demanding more transparency and accountability in government – and less corruption. In Nigeria, for example, agriculture is 40 percent of the economy, yet it receives only 1 percent of bank loans. Private companies, both African and non-African, may be better able to invest in this sector by finding young farmers willing to upgrade their production.
The well-targeted US initiative aims to reach 50 million people in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, and Tanzania. If these countries can ensure food security for their people and raise their trade in agriculture, that could lay the economic foundation for investments in other industries.
That was the model in Asia: Upgrade farming first, and then channel the profits of agriculture into manufacturing. Government provided the structure, but confident and educated entrepreneurs drove the concept.
A half century ago, Africa was a food exporter. But something happened after it shed colonial rule. Now Africans are finding their confidence. The cheetahs are ready to run.