Threats to a new Detroit
The Nov. 4 Monitor's View, "A nonbankrupt Detroit," was right to highlight the assets that remain in Detroit (particularly its residents) as a source for its potential rebirth. But the editorial glazes over the man-made corruption that helped lead to the city's utter desolation, and too much of the piece, in my view, is platitudinous pie in the sky.
It asks: "What will a new Detroit be known for?" It should be known as a great place to start a small business, ultimately becoming a great place to site or expand a big business. "Urban planning" is not necessarily a seeder for – and can often come at the expense of – business growth.
While Detroiters certainly can't look to government for "all of the answers," it may behoove the citizenry to look at government, to ensure the city avoids the mismanagement that contributed to its $18 billion debt. If a new government reestablishes little kingdoms and power centers with public service unions enjoying unrealistic wages and benefits, a new Detroit will once again reach for the sky and fall flat on its face.
How to help 'English Language Learners'
Regarding the Nov. 4 One Week article "In L.A., split by language?": The purpose of the Los Angeles schools' plan to separate "English Language Learners" from native speakers in core classes, as I see it, is to maximize comprehensible instruction and opportunities for meaningful student interaction.
Beginning ELLs will neither acquire English nor learn subject matter if they are placed in regular classes right away. We only acquire language when we understand what we hear and read. The most logical plan is to provide special English as a Second Language classes for certain core subjects but then include ELLs with native speakers in classes that are more easily comprehensible and encourage interaction, such as art, music, and physical education.
As students acquire more English and subject matter knowledge, they can move into classes with native speakers. There is a great deal of evidence supporting the principles underlying this plan.
Professor emeritus, University of Southern California
Rossier School of Education