Credit scores revamped, but it won't matter for home loans

Credit scores from FICO, the leading model used by lenders and creditors, will get a reboot this fall. The new FICO model will place less emphasis on medical debt, which can be very damaging to consumer credit scores, but such debt will still have consequences for people trying to secure mortgages. 

Gene J. Puskar/AP/File
A sale pending sign in the front yard of a home in Mt. Lebanon, Pa. A new FICO model freduces the effect of medical debt on credit scores – unless someone is trying to get approved for a mortgage.

FICO, the leading credit score model used by lenders and creditors, announced the new FICO Score 9 model that will be released in the fall. The model will be used at the consumer myfico.com site and possibly by car lenders and credit card grantors. The major change with this model is how it accounts for medical debt collections.

Under the current models used by most mortgage banks, medical debt collections can be very damaging to consumer credit scores. Medical collections are common causes of credit score drops. A recent study by TransUnion revealed that 54% of insured individuals are confused about medical bills. Credit scores can drop hundreds of points from one collection, and most people do not understand how easily they can be put in this vulnerable position. Even small credit score drops could mean a difference of hundreds or thousands of dollars over the life of a 30-year mortgage or a complete rejection for a loan. There are various thresholds of credit score that offer applicants different interest rates and cost. Even a score off by one point could mean a change in pricing.

However, the new FICO score will place less emphasis on this medical debt. People with medical collections that are paid off will see the biggest increase in their credit scores, and those with unpaid collections will see some damage on their report lessened. According to FICO, consumers who have only unpaid medical debts as major derogatory references could see a median score increase of 25 points.

Even though this sounds great for people with medical debt, they will not be in the clear if they are looking for mortgage approvals. FICO’s last version, FICO 8, was released in 2008 and has only recently been adopted by a small number of lenders. To date, the majority of merged credit reports we view from mortgage banks use the FICO 4 model. Banks tend to be very conservative with lending, especially for large loans like mortgages. Just because a new score is out doesn’t mean mortgage lenders will use it, and it is highly unlikely that banks will adopt a credit score that ignores unpaid collection accounts.

Those who are in the market to buy a home or refinance a mortgage must understand this difference because many may assume that if they wait until the fall, their credit scores will increase, and they will be approved for loans at lower interest rates. This could cause buyers and refinancing applicants to avoid fixing their credit, only to be disappointed and frustrated.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are still using the older versions of the FICO score models in their own underwriting software. Fannie and Freddie have not expressed any intention of changing to the newer, less conservative models but said they were confident in the tools they currently use.

Unfortunately, this will cause confusion in the fall. When ordering FICO scores from the consumer site, individuals have to be mindful that their new scores may be even more inflated than the scores from the FICO 8 version. Individuals must be aware the myfico.com model does not accurately reflect what mortgage lenders see.

Learn more about Tracy on NerdWallet’s Ask an Advisor.

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.