Pakistan seizes Taliban and Al Qaeda cave network

Pakistan's Army declared victory in a weeks-long offensive after it seized control of a Taliban and Al Qaeda cave network that served as a hub in the Bajaur tribal area bordering Afghanistan.

Adrees Latif/Reuters
Soldiers walk through a cave, on Tuesday, which the Pakistani Army said was built and used by the Pakistani Taliban in Damadola, located in the Bajaur tribal area bordering Afghanistan.

Pakistani security forces declared victory on Tuesday after a weeks-long offensive in the northwest, retaking control of Bajaur tribal area and seizing a Taliban and Al Qaeda cave network that was a final militant holdout.

More hiding places remain for militants in the vast range of mountainous territory along the Afghan-Pakistani border. But at a press conference held in the rugged mountain village of Damadola, Maj. Gen. Tariq Khan, commander of the paramilitary Frontier Corps, stressed the strategic importance of reclaiming the militant stronghold. “We have concluded operations up to the Afghan border. We think the Bajaur operations have now more or less ended as dedicated military operations,” Khan said.

The offensive, launched in late January, follows major efforts to clear the Taliban from nearby South Waziristan tribal area last fall and from the Swat Valley last spring. Troops remain in both areas to conduct snap operations and address one of the key challenges the Army has faced: holding on to territory.

Taliban fighters melted away

Some 75 militants, including Egyptians, Uzbeks, Chechens, and Afghans were killed in the offensive, according to Khan. Another 76 were arrested and 364 forced to surrender. In Damadola, militants had dug 150 caves into the mountain to use as refuge. Military officials showed reporters the caves, which were stocked with blankets and pillows and were apparently abandoned hastily.

Underscoring the difficulty of holding territory, however, the Army also waged an offensive in Bajaur in late 2008, only to have militants reenter the area.

The bulk of Taliban leaders and fighters is believed to have slipped away during previous offensives and taken refuge in nearby regions.

Pakistani Army spokesman Maj. Gen. Athar Abbas says that key Taliban leaders are probably hiding in Orakzai tribal agency and the Tirah Valley, where the Army has some presence.

“Things are going as per plan. We are already in Orakzai, Bajaur has now fallen after South Waziristan, and before that Malakand and Swat,” says Abbas.

More tribal areas to go

Security analyst and retired general Talat Masood says the military “is placing the squeeze on the militants.”

Seizing Damadola was important because “it was a kind of a nerve-center for a lot of routes. It was also a major sanctuary for the Swat Taliban,” he says.

Recent battlefield wins coincide with a relative lull in major terrorist attacks in Pakistan’s major cities, although bomb attacks have continued in the main northwestern town of Peshawar.

Securing Orakzai will be crucial in bringing stability to Peshawar, says Rifaat Hussein, a security analyst at Quaid-i-Azam University in Islamabad. The tribal agency is believed to be a launching point for attacks.


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