After nearly a month of gridlock, the Senate voted unanimously to extend unemployment benefits for some 1.3 million jobless Americans expected to lose benefits by the end of the year.
If, as expected, the House adopts the Senate version of the bill, it means workers in all states will be eligible for an additional 14 weeks of federal unemployment benefits. In states with unemployment rates higher than 8.5 percent, workers will be able to extend their federal unemployment benefits a further six weeks.
The House version of the bill, passed in September, provided an additional 13 weeks to workers in high-unemployment states.
With the unemployment rate at 9.8 percent – and October’s unemployment numbers due out Friday – lawmakers wanted to go on the record with a vote that would help families pay their bills, especially heading into holiday season.
The package also extends an $8,000 first-time home-buyer tax credit, which was due to expire at the end of November, and creates a new $6,500 tax credit for some current homeowners who buy a new home by April 30, 2010.
“Extending unemployment insurance benefits will help Connecticut families make ends meet in a tough economy. And thousands more middle class Connecticut residents may now be eligible to take advantage of the successful home-buyer's tax credit,” said Sen. Christopher Dodd (D) of Connecticut, a co-sponsor of the home-buyer tax credit, who faces a tough reelection campaign in 2010.
At the urging of Senate Republicans, the package also includes tax provisions that allow firms to offset current losses against profits going back as many as five years – to times before the housing market crashed.
Congress has temporarily extended unemployment benefits six times since 2002. Most recently, the economic stimulus plan enacted Feb. 17 gave unemployed workers an additional 20 weeks of benefits, on top of the standard 26 weeks of state compensation.
“There are about 15 million people in our country unemployed who are looking for about 3 million jobs. That is about 1 out of 5. That is unconscionable in a country such as ours,” said Sen. Max Baucus (D) of Montana, in a floor speech before a key procedural vote breaking deadlock on the bill on Monday.
Since the last temporary extension of benefits in February, some 600,000 Americans have exhausted jobless benefits, according to the National Employment Law Project.
Despite strong bipartisan support for extending unemployment benefits, Republicans held up a vote on the bill in the interests of adding housing and business tax breaks, which they succeeded in getting into the bill.
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