U.S. communications authorities on Thursday took a small but significant step toward regulating high-speed Internet in a bid to reclaim oversight, setting the stage for an eventual legal showdown with industry heavyweights.
Big broadband providers like AT&T Inc, Verizon Communications Inc and Comcast Corp oppose the move by the Federal Communications Commission, fearing the agency may heavily regulate their businesses in ways that could crimp profits and cast a cloud on investments.
The FCC voted 3-2 to collect public comments on whether the agency should reclassify broadband regulation under existing phone rules -- typically considered a stricter regulatory regime.
FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski and his two fellow Democrats want the FCC to regulate broadband access to ensure the free flow of information and implement recommendations in its National Broadband Plan, which seeks to increase speeds and the number of users in the United States.
"This approach will subject the Internet and consumers to years of litigation and uncertainty," Baker said.
But with complaints from the big broadband providers afraid of greater regulation over broadband, the FCC has said it will tread lightly by not enforcing rate regulation and line sharing requirements under the existing phone rules.
Despite the assurances, the formal move by the FCC on Thursday could open the floodgates to legal challenges.
The measure to collect public comments, called a Notice of Inquiry, could help build a case to give the FCC the authority it lost after a court ruling earlier this year.
The FCC is seeking public comment until July 15 and reply comments are due August 12. Analysts said the FCC could adopt an order as early as October.
In April a U.S. appeals court ruled that the FCC had failed to show it had the authority to stop Comcast from blocking online applications that distributed television shows and other bandwidth-hogging files.
To put its authority on sounder legal footing, the FCC decided it wants to regulate broadband access as a telecommunications service instead of as an information service. The big phone and broadband companies have expressed concern with the FCC move even after being given assurances from the FCC that it will not apply the most burdensome price controls and competition mandates that come with that framework.
Verizon called the FCC move a "terrible" idea and urged the FCC to let Congress to determine the FCC's authority.
"The negative consequences for online users and the Internet ecosystem would be severe and have ramifications for decades," said Tom Tauke, Verizon executive vice president for public affairs, policy and communications.
In Congress, U.S. lawmakers are considering changes to the U.S. telecommunications law to possibly give the FCC broadband authority in the short-term and better reflect technological changes. That process could take several years to reach final legislation.
Tech and content companies applauded the move. The FCC action will "make sure consumer choice over broadband Internet service is protected," said Markham Erickson, who leads the Open Internet Coalition, which represents online companies such as Google Inc, Amazon.com Inc, eBay Inc, Facebook, Skype and Twitter.