The recall, made by the company and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, covers Maytag, Jenn-Air, Amana, Admiral, Magic Chef, Performa by Maytag and Crosley branded dishwashers.
An electrical failure in the dishwasher's heating element could pose a serious fire hazard, the top appliance maker said in a statement Thursday.
The company received 12 reports of dishwasher heating element failures that resulted in fires. No injuries have been reported.
The affected units were sold at various U.S. stores for between $250 and $900.
Whirlpool spokeswoman Jill Saletta said in an email the company has already set aside $75 million to address any potential costs from the recall.
In a regulatory filing in April, the company had warned about a potential charge due to "a corrective action to address a supplier-related quality and potential product safety issue."
Whirlpool shares were down 3 percent at $100.54 on Thursday afternoon.