Summer Days Word Craze

1. Brought back from India by the British, this term for sack derives from the Hindu-Sanskrit word goni, meaning a strong, coarse fabric. What's the name of this burlap bag you climb into for sack races at family outings?

2. This barbecue basic was named after the French word for "small brick," and E.G. Kingsford, a relative of Henry Ford who helped the automaker find a site for turning wood waste from Model T's into a patio product. Its name?

3. Tiny swimmers is what fishermen mean when they use this term, but most dictionaries also include "children" as a definition. What word means children, fish, and, more recently, fast-food potatoes?

4. Fruit Smack was the name Nebraska inventor Edwin Perkins gave to his concentrated syrup available in six flavors in 1918. However, the four-ounce glass bottles frequently broke in shipping. By 1927, Perkins had devised a way to dehydrate Fruit Smack and packaged the powder in small envelopes. What did he rename the 10-cent beverage, which eventually bore a smiling face pitcher on each packet? (Extra credit: What were the original six flavors?)

5. One cold winter in 1905 a boy named Frank Epperson (1894-1983) left a glass of lemonade outside overnight and found it frozen solid the next morning. Almost two decades later, he named his invention the Epsicle. By 1928, he had changed the name to what?


(1) gunnysack (2) Kingsford Charcoal Briquets (3) fry (It may have come from the Old Norse for "children of a man's family," or frae seed, the seedlike masses of eggs that fish produce (4) Kool-Ade, then Kool-Aid (strawberry, cherry, lemon-lime, grape, orange, raspberry) (5) Popsicle, patented as "frozen ice on a stick," which one source claims was named by the inventor's children. During the Depression, Epperson created the double popsicle, so two children could split it and pay only a nickel each. The three most popular flavors are orange, cherry, and grape. The enterprising Epperson also created the Creamsicle, Fudgsicle, and Dreamsicle.

SOURCES: The Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins by Robert Hendrickson; Morris Dictionary of Word and Phrase Origins by W. and M. Morris, Facts on File: Dictionary of Clichés by Christine Ammer; Words From History by Isaac Asimov

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