September 10th: Then and now

Opening your morning newspaper a year ago Wednesday, you may have been greeted by headlines on the controversy over drilling for oil in Alaska, the latest on US Rep. Gary Condit (D) of California, or speculation that the Dow had reached rock bottom after closing at 9605.50 the previous Friday.

If you're a typical American, you likely did not attend a religious service that week, you weren't worried that the government would open the letter you sent overseas, and if "nine-eleven" meant anything, it was the number you called for help.

But the next morning, all this, and more, would begin to change.

Amid the color-coded warnings of more attacks and the anthrax scare, Americans prayed more, stayed closer to home, and tried to make sense of what has become known as the "New Normal."

A statistical snapshot of Anywhere, America, shows that while we studied the Koran and tried to adjust to having uniformed strangers search our shoes at airports, within a few months some things returned to the "Old Normal."

Say what? New words in the lexicon

"...nine-eleven, ground zero, weaponize, homeland security, so September 10, evildoers, shoe bomber, axis of evil, let's roll!..."

Praying together

Zogby International asked 1,000 registered voters, "Have you attended a church, synagogue, or mosque in the past seven days?"

Answered "yes" on:
July 2, 2001: 42%
Oct. 14, 2001: 60%
Jan. 31, 2002: 50%
(Margin of error: 3.2%)

Headlines from Sept. 10, 2001

Mayoral candidates crisscross city seeking last few votes

–New York Times

In Yukon, fears US drilling could upset delicate balance

–Washington Post

No longer intifada, not quite war –The Christian Science Monitor
Bears insist the bottom's yet to come

–Los Angeles Times

Jury selection to begin in [Ford] Explorer Trial

–USA Today

From bad to worse: Rep Gary Condit finally broke his silence.... –Newsweek
US pulls the plug on Muslim Websites

–The [London] Guardian

Bigger brother

Five things the government can do now that it couldn't before:

• The FBI can spy on groups without any evidence of wrongdoing

• The FBI can spy on individuals for a year without evidence of wrongdoing, up from 30 days previously

• The Customs Service can open outbound international mail without a warrant

• The attorney general can incarcerate noncitizens indefinitely purely on the basis of suspicion

• 'Nonlawful combatants' are denied most of the trial rights granted soldiers and civilians

Source: ACLU

You'll have to check that

Ten things added to the list of forbidden airline carry-on items by the Transportation Security Administration since Sept. 11:
• baseball bats
• golf clubs
• pool cues
• ski poles
• corkscrews
• hockey sticks
• toy weapons
• portable power drills
• hammers
• toy transformer robots (which form a toy gun)

Where airport lines are shrinking most

Percentage of people waiting 60 minutes or more (Nov. 2001/March 2002)

Denver Int. 53%/24%
Ft. Meyers, Fla. 35%/13%
Chicago, Midway 29%/8%
Portland, Ore. 37%/18%

Number of US travelers who want to ...

... visit historic sites: 48% in 2002 vs. 42% in 2001

... attend a family reunion: 37% in 2002 vs. 25% in 2001

... travel by air: 19% in 2002 vs. 22% 2001

Source: Travel Industry Association of America

Wizard of ID

Before Sept. 11, seven US airports used Identix fingerprint biometrics, a system which recognizes the identity of a person by their fingerprints.

Today, more than 110 airports use the system.

Source: Identix

Don't give us your tired, your poor....

Immigration visas issued at Middle Eastern embassies

Sept. 11, 2000 to July 31, 2001: 23,561
Sept. 11, 2001 to July 31, 2002: 17,807

Temporary visas issued at Middle Eastern embassies

Sept. 11, 2000 to Aug. 22, 2001: 409,850
Sept. 11, 2001 to Aug. 22, 2002: 213,697

Source: State Department

Patriotism unfurled

Flags sold by Wal-Mart in first seven months after Sept. 11: 4.96 million

In same period the previous year: 1.18 million

Big outpouring, but overall drop

Money given to private organizations (in 2001 dollars)

2000: $215.95 billion

2001: $212 billion (est.)

Sept. 11-related giving: $2.25 billion

• Given to 200 organizations

• The top 4 – American Red Cross, Sept. 11th Fund, New York Firefighters Disaster Relief Fund, and Twin Towers Fund – received $1.4 billion

Source: American Association of Fundraising Counsel, Chronicle of Philanthropy

Racist attacks

Number of violent incidents reported by the ADC against Arab-Americans or those perceived to be such in 2000: 172

Since Sept. 11: over 600

Source: American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee

Number of radio and TV broadcasts of 'God Bless America':

2000: 1,952

2001: 8,915

Source: ASCAP

Let me help

Monthly volunteer referrals through

Pre-Sept. 11: 20,000
Month after Sept. 11: 36,000
Currently: 30,000

Bomb shelters sold

Yearly revenue of a New Hampshire firm that specializes in bomb shelters Before Sept. 11: $2 million Since Sept. 11: $4 million

Source: Radius Engineering, N.H.

New Sept. 11-related products

• WorldPrep Personal Evacuation Kit
Survival tools for office workers. Includes respirator, glow stick, 8 ounces of water, and thermal blanket

• Triumph Frequent Flyer Bra
Metal-free to avoid detection

• BioSafe
Sealed glass tank with rubber gloves to open mail

• Osama Pin Laden Voodoo Doll
• Tweezerman Airline Security Carry-On
Toiletry bag stripped of forbidden items; guaranteed to pass security

Afghan orphans sponsored

Through the Children of War, a nonprofit group in New York:

Before Sept. 11: 55
Dec. 2001: 65
July 2002: 6

Book sales

America's largest publisher of Korans sold 1,300 copies each week before Sept. 11, and saw an 800 percent increase in sales in the weeks following. The largest Bible publisher sold 140,000 copies a week before the attacks, and saw a 30 percent increase shortly after.

Sources: Tahrike Tarsile Qur'an, Zondervan Corp.

Read all about it

The Sept. 11 terrorist attacks generated over 300 books.

By contrast, some 100 books were written on the O.J. Simpson trial.

Source: Staff research

From black to red

2001 ended with a federal surplus of $127.2 billion

Projected deficit for 2002: $106 billion

Source: Office of Management and Budget

Unemployment in US

Sept. 11, 2001: 4.9%
Oct. 11, 2001: 5.4%
Now: 5.7%

Source: AP

All sorts of sorties

The US has flown more than 60,000 sorties in Operation Enduring Freedom

Source: Central Command

Called to duty

Average number of mobilized Army National Guard before Sept. 11, 2001: 1,500-2,500/month

As of Dec. 11, 2001: 8,221
As of Aug. 13, 2002: 21,384

Source: National Guard

On high alert

The military sent fighter jets to chase suspicious aircraft 462 times from Sept. 11, 2001 to June 2002; 67 chases were made in the same period a year earlier.

Source: AP

Ground zero effect

Visitors to New York City

2000: 37.4 million
2001: 32 million
2002: 32.3 million (est.)

Source: NYC and Company

Visitors to the Empire State Building

Typical year: 3.5 million
Post-Sept. 11: 10% increase

Source: Empire State Building

Working hard ...

Overtime paid to New York City firefighters and police officers
Firefighters 2001: $81.6 million
Firefighters 2002: $195 million ($56.3 million World Trade Center-related)
Police 2001: $317 million
Police 2002: $581.3 million ($250 million World Trade Center-related)

Source: NYC Independent Budget Office; fiscal year ends June 30

...and hardly working

Jobs lost in New York City in first three months after Sept. 11: 83,000

Source: NYC Comptroller

An expanding world

The number of people who say they follow overseas developments very closely:

April 2000 – 14%

April 2002 – 21%

Source: Pew Research Center

Key legislation since Sept. 11

1. The Homeland Security Act

Would create a cabinet-level department designed to reduce the threat of terrorist attacks on the US. Would combine 30 existing agencies at an estimated cost of $4.5 billion.

2. Higher Education Relief Opportunities for Students Act

Allows the secretary of education cto waive or modify financial- aid requirements for students who experienced direct economic hardship because of the attacks.

3. Afghan Women and Children Relief Act of 2001

Requires the president to report to Congress on the status of women and children in Afghanistan, and may also give them healthcare and educational assistance.

4. Air Transportation Safety and System Stabilization Act

Authorizes $15 billion in federal credit and funding for US airlines hit by post-Sept. 11 losses.

5. Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal 2002

Increases the number of INS investigators and inspectors by at least 600 by 2006.

Source: Library of Congress

Talking the talk

In the 2002 fiscal year, the FBI hired 233 contract interpreters and/or translators. Over the previous five years it hired 445.

Source: FBI

On ice

Number of people whose assets have been frozen

Jan. 1995 to Sept. 10, 2001: 68
Sept. 11, 2001 to Sept. 4, 2002: 234

Source: US Treasury

Hot and cold

Top three Google Internet search queries...

... gaining on Sept. 13, 2001
1. Nostradamus
2. CNN
3. World Trade Center

...declining on Sept. 13, 2001
1. US Open
2. Pop-singer Aaliyah
3. Hank the Angry Dwarf

...gaining on Sept. 2, 2002
1.US Open tennis
2. Real Madrid
3. MTV

Osama bin mentioned

Number of times Osama bin Laden was mentioned in the press

Sept. 11, 2000 to Sept. 10, 2001: 11,576

Sept. 11, 2001 to Sept. 9, 2002: 201,933

Source: Dow Jones Interactive. Sample of 6,000 publications worldwide

Checkup before check-in

Before Sept. 11

• Knives smaller than four inches allowed on planes

• Two carry-on bags, limit set by airlines

• Anyone was allowed through security to gates

• Airport security was handled by private companies

• Baggage-matching on all international flights and some domestic flights

• Approximately 50 US air marshals flew primarily on international flights

Since Sept. 11

• No cutting instruments allowed on board

• Federal limit of one carry-on bag

• Only ticketed passengers may proceed to gates (with exceptions)

• Security screeners are federal employees

• All baggage is to be matched to a passenger on every flight

• Approximately 6,000 air marshals have been added and now fly on many domestic flights

Source: AAA and USA Today

Peace Corps applications

Sept. 2000 – Aug. 2001: 8,658

Sept. 2001 – Aug. 2002: 10,190

Source: Peace Corps

Illustration by Min Jae Hong

Art direction by John Kehe

Compiled by Lane Hartill, David S. Hauck, Tristan Jones, Alan Messmer, and Leigh Montgomery.

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