Landmarks for Women
Continued from yesterday.
1972:Congress passes the Equal Rights Amendment
Gloria Steinem launches Ms. magazine.
1973:The US military is integrated when women-only branches are eliminated.
1976The US Supreme Court establishes a woman's right to an abortion in Roe v. Wade, effectively cancelling anti-abortion laws in 46 states.
US military academies open admissions to women.
In a landmark law, marital rape becomes a crime in Nebraska.
1976:The Episcopal Church votes to allow the ordination of women as bishops and priests.
1977:Congress passes Hyde Amendment, eliminating federal funding for poor women's abortions. By 1995, only
13 states provide such funding.
1978:Michelle Barnes wins the first sexual-harassment lawsuit.
1981: For the first time, more women than men enter college.
1982:Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first woman US Supreme Court justice.
Equal Rights Amendment dies when it fails to gather enough state support.
1984: Geraldine Ferraro becomes the first woman vice-presidential candidate of a major political party (Democrats).
1986: The US Supreme Court declares sexual harassment is a form of illegal job discrimination.
1996: US women have their most successful summer Olympic Games (19 gold medals, 10 silver, 9 bronze).
1998:The US Supreme Court affirms that the male-only policy of the state-supported Virginia Military Institute is unconstitutional.
Eileen Collins becomes the first woman named to command a space shuttle mission.