Mutual-fund companies like to advertise themselves as investment products for the masses.
Unfortunately, Mr. and Mrs. Small Saver must now kick in $1,000 or more just to get in the door at most funds. One highly rated stock fund, Clipper, sets you back $5,000 at the front gate.
The fund industry, looking for greater efficiency, has waved goodbye to an era when the minimum ticket cost less than $1,000.
And some funds now levy special charges if your account dips below a specified minimum. In extreme cases, it might even be closed.
Fortunately, not all funds and fund families have turned their backs on small savers. Some funds still have low minimums, and others offer an old-fashioned installment plan for new investors:
* Low-cost fund families. A number of funds and fund families have minimums investments of $500 or less. And they can be first-rate funds.
The best known low-cost family is Franklin-Templeton (800-632-2180.) Most Franklin-Templeton funds require a minimum investment of $100, with subsequent investments as low as $25.
Considering that the group holds some of the hottest, and most highly regarded, funds in the industry, particularly Templeton's international funds, the low minimum represents a genuine bargain. Note, however, that Templeton charges loads, or up-front sales commissions, that consume about $6 of every $100 you put in.
The Muhlenkamp Fund (800-860-3863) opens the door for a tad more - $200. Subsequent investments must be $100 or more. Muhlenkamp was a hidden treasure for years, known mainly to fund aficionados.
In recent months, Muhlenkamp's success has won more positive press. It's up 31.4 percent this year through Dec. 3, and it tends not to drop as sharply as other funds in declining markets.
With $250 you can get into the Strong Total Return Fund or the Strong Asset Allocation Fund (800-368-1030.) For $500, you can get into the Babson Growth Fund (800-422-2766).
A number of fund families have a minimum entry requirement of $1,000, which is half or less the requirement for most funds. They include Strong, for most of its funds (800-368-1030), Gabelli (800-422-3554), Heartland (800-432-7856), Lexington (800-526-0057), TransAmerica (800-892-7587), Westcore (800-392-2673), Founders (800-525-2440), and Invesco (800-525-8085).
Finally, the Midas Fund, a gold fund, (800-400-6432) has a minimum entry of $500. Gold funds are not for investors who like smooth rides. This year, Midas is down 61 percent, as gold has lost its alure as a haven from stock market storms. The plunge in gold prices, and stock shares of gold-mining companies, demolished Midas's big gains of 1995-96.
* Pay as you go. But what if you don't have even $100 or $200?
A number of funds with fairly high minimums will still let you in, if you kick in a set amount each month until you reach a certain dollar level.
The only catch: You must have the funds electronically transferred from your bank account.
American Century (800-345-2021) and T.Rowe Price (800-638-5660) will both let you in for $50 a month on an automatic investment plan. At American Century, you must reach $2,500, or your account may be closed. At Price, you will be assessed a $10 fee if you stop contributing before you hit $2,500.
At the Janus family of funds (800-525-8983), you can enter with $500, followed by $100 a month until you reach $2,500. If you stop short of the minimum, you will be assessed a fee.
* Individual retirement accounts. At many fund families, minimums are much lower for IRAs than for taxable accounts, ranging from $250 to around $500. The best policy is to check with the fund family of your choice to determine the specific minimum required.