SEOUL ORDERS RESERVISTS TO DUTY Reflecting rising war tensions, South Korea yesterday ordered a call-up of its 6.6 million reservists for one of its biggest civil-defense drills in years. The nationwide exercise will be held tomorrow. Seoul has staged monthly civil-defense drills, but because of military tensions with North Korea, this month's is being expanded nationwide and will include more personnel and equipment. Meanwhile, former President Jimmy Carter arrived in Seoul yesterday to try to ease tensions over the North's nuclear program, suspected of being used to make weapons. The agenda on Carter's private visit included talks with President Kim Young Sam and other top officials. Carter plans to visit the North for four days starting tomorrow. The South has said the visit could weaken international pressure for UN sanctions against the North and offer it a propaganda bonus. Pyongyang announced yesterday that it would no longer permit international nuclear inspectors into the country. Pan Am bombing claim

Youssef Shaaban, a Palestinian follower of terrorist mastermind Abu Nidal, claimed yesterday in a Beirut courtroom that he carried out the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

There was no way to immediately verify the claim. In the past, the bombing has been blamed variously on Iran, Syria, and then Libya - which has been targeted by international sanctions for more than two years. Court sources speculated that Mr. Shaaban might have been instructed by Abu Nidal to make his claim to divert international outrage over the bombing away from Libya, the chief backer of the terrorist group. Boeing flies its 777

The Boeing Company put its new 777 jumbo jet in the air on a successful test flight, reporting only minor glitches after spending about $4 billion on four years of development work. Emperor at White House

Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko of Japan, in the United States on a 16-day, 11-city sightseeing and goodwill tour, met President Clinton at the White House yesterday. Clinton and his wife, Hillary, rolled out the red carpet for their first-ever meeting and hosted their first state dinner since entering the White House, a white-tie affair in a white tent in the Rose Garden.

The emperor and empress, on a five-day visit to Washington, are scheduled to leave the capital tomorrow. They will travel to the University of Virginia, then on to New York.

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