The first pro-democracy leader to return to China since the Tiananmen Square crackdown was arrested Aug. 31 hours before he planned to announce the establishment of a human rights group.

The government recently asked students to come home to help build China's future, but the arrest of Shen Tong indicates communist authorities expect repatriated dissidents to renounce the democracy movement.

Mr. Shen was arrested at his mother's home. Also detained were two other Chinese protest leaders, an American adviser to Shen, and two French journalists.

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