1,000 BC: Legendary visit of Ethiopian Queen of Sheba to King Solomon.
500 BC: Founding of Aksumite state in northern Ethiopia.
330 AD: Ethiopia's conversion to Christianity. Aksumite state becomes world's first to issue coins with a cross on them.
13th century: Churches are built in Lalibela.
1886: Addis Ababa becomes the capital.
1896: Battle of Adowa won by Emperor Menelik: biggest African victory over a European Army (Italian) since Hannibal crossed the Alps.
1935: Fascist Italy invades Ethiopia; troops use poison gas against Ethiopian guerrillas.
1941: Liberation of Ethiopia by Ethiopian resistance and British. Emperor Haile Selassie returns to country.
1961: Eritrean guerrillas begin fight for independence of northern region.
1974: Ethiopian revolution. Haile Selassie deposed: Mengistu Haile Mariam gradually assumes power.
1976: Ethiopian government adopts Marxist-Leninist political line (dropped in 1990).
1977: Somalia invades Ethiopia; is defeated with help of Soviet Union, which had armed Somalis in the first place.
1977: Eritrean Peoples Liberation Front begins to arm and train Tigrean guerrillas who seek autonomy for Tigre Province.
1989-91: Rebels expand their areas of control, coming to within 30 miles of capital.
May 21, 1991: Mengistu resigns and flees.