Walesa Wins, Pledges to Rebuild Poland

SOLIDARITY leader Lech Walesa won 73.3 percent of the vote in Poland's presidential election, according to unofficial results issued yesterday. Mr. Walesa pledged to rebuild a country battered by four decades of communism and to take it closer to Europe. 'Emigr'e businessman Stanislaw Tyminski won 26.7 percent of the vote in Sunday's election, with results in from 48 of Poland's 49 provinces.

``We have to build a system that fits into Europe. I want to build it with you. I never doubted for a moment that we would win,'' Walesa told a news conference after initial results gave him three-fourths of Sunday's vote. ``We have moved away from the system of the past 45 years, and now we must build a new one.''

Preliminary returns from 294 of Poland's 22,000 polling stations gave Walesa 75 percent of the vote, closely matching an exit poll that showed him leading by 77 percentage points to 23.

Walesa promised to speed up political and economic reform and pursue a softened version of the Solidarity-led government's austerity measures, aimed at creating a Western-style free market.

Popular discontent with the reforms was shown by the sharp rise of Mr. Tyminski, who promised to scrap them. Unknown in Poland before the elections, Tyminski's campaign was effectively stopped by Walesa's charges that he was backed by ex-communists and secret police.

Yugoslavs vote in two republics

The people of Serbia and Montenegro, Yugoslavia's last communist republics, voted Sunday in free elections that could determine whether the fragile Balkan federation survives. The other four Yugoslav republics abandoned communism this year in their first free elections since World War II.

Though results were still not available at press time, election officials had reported a heavy turnout of the 6.8 million voters in Serbia, Yugoslavia's biggest republic. More than half of those eligible in many regions had voted by midday, despite bad weather. In the province of Kosovo, ethnic Albanians staged a boycott to protest Serbian rule. In the past two years, more than 50 people have been killed in riots over the issue of the region's autonomy.

Serbian opposition parties accused the communists of trying to rig the vote by allowing some people to vote a day early in at least six towns without opposition observers present. The election commission dismissed the allegations.

Economic crisis and ethnic quarrels have pushed Yugoslavia close to collapse. The elections in Serbia are considered crucial as the nation's six republics prepare to arrange talks on holding the country together. The communists, now called socialists, could lose control of Serbia's 250-seat parliament but are widely favored to win in Montenegro, a poor republic of 600,000 people bordering Albania. A communist victory in Serbia could encourage Croatia and Slovenia, two northern and relatively prosperous republics, to carry out threats to secede, diplomats said.

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