United States economic sanctions against South Africa could be counterproductive unless combined with aid to nearby countries that are economically linked with Pretoria, Jesse Jackson said yesterday. ``If all they [Congress] did was impose sanctions, it could be quite sinister, because South African retaliation is predictable,'' Mr. Jackson said after touring eight African countries, including the six ``frontline states'' that neighbor South Africa.
``[South Africa] could withstand just sanctions longer than the frontline states could in isolation,'' he said.
The Reagan administration has made a similar argument in opposing calls for sanctions against Pretoria.
But Jackson said sanctions should be a major part of a revamped US policy that would include long-term development aid, most-favored-nation trade status, and military aid to the frontline states.