Sanctions alone not adequate US policy for S. Africa, Jackson says

United States economic sanctions against South Africa could be counterproductive unless combined with aid to nearby countries that are economically linked with Pretoria, Jesse Jackson said yesterday. ``If all they [Congress] did was impose sanctions, it could be quite sinister, because South African retaliation is predictable,'' Mr. Jackson said after touring eight African countries, including the six ``frontline states'' that neighbor South Africa.

``[South Africa] could withstand just sanctions longer than the frontline states could in isolation,'' he said.

The Reagan administration has made a similar argument in opposing calls for sanctions against Pretoria.

But Jackson said sanctions should be a major part of a revamped US policy that would include long-term development aid, most-favored-nation trade status, and military aid to the frontline states.

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