China wants the United States to replace Pan American as the American airline serving Peking. It has also deprived Pan American of an air corridor through south China to Burma and of the use of Canton airport for emergency landings.
These reactions followed Pan Am's resumption of flights to Taiwan after a lapse of five years, Monitor correspondent Takashi Oka reports. A stiff protest note Thursday accused Washington of ''ignoring China's sovereignty, hurting the national feeling of the Chinese people, and harming the aviation relations between the two countries.''
Pan Am resumed flights from Tokyo to Taipei Wednesday with purely commercial motives, airline officials said. Washington had authorized Pan Am to serve Taiwan on the grounds that such activities fall in the category of cultural and commercial ties with ''the people of Taiwan,'' which it said it would continue after opening full diplomatic relations with Peking in January 1979.
Peking denies that international aviation relations can be called strictly commercial, since they require governmental authorizations. Washington recognizes Peking's sovereignty over Taiwan. Yet, according to Peking, it refused Peking's repeated requests that it be consulted on any arrangements on this matter reached with Taiwan. The Chinese also accuse Pan Am of breaking its promise that, having opened air services to mainland China, it would no longer serve Taiwan.
A Pan Am official in China denies that the airline ever made any specific commitment to give up Taiwan. It stopped flying to Taiwan in 1978. The Reagan administration is unlikely to meet China's demand to replace Pan Am with another carrier that does not serve Taiwan.