Soviet authorities, despite persistent claims their economy is not troubled by inflation, are quietly raising prices on some consumer goods to correct what Soviet leader Yuri Andropov called price ''distortions,'' Western observers said.
Prices that went up include phonograph records, which more than doubled to $6 .75, and certain paper goods, such as school notebooks. There were no immediate increases visible in food prices, but according to Moscow rumors they will follow April 1. Mr. Andropov hinted in a talk with steel workers Jan. 31 some price adjustments could not be avoided. The last massive price hikes came in September 1981.