Seeking to end the violence in Syria, the Arab League has issued a Sunday deadline for the embattled Syrian government to accept a plan that would allow international observers into the country. Forces backing the Syrian regime have been clashing with street protesters for months.
If the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad does not accept the plan or ignores it, the League has threatened to impose new sanctions against the country and confirmed existing sanctions put in place after Syrian officials ignored a deadline last weekend.
“We asked the Syrian minister of foreign affairs if the Syrian government will agree to sign tomorrow [Sunday] and we are still waiting for a reply,” said Qatari Prime Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassim Jabr al-Thani in an article by the BBC. “Aside from the deadline, we are willing to convince them that this is the right way - to sign the protocol and agree on the Arab initiative as it is.”
Mr. Assad’s government faces increasing isolation as pressure mounts from Arab and other international powers. So far the president has shown little willingness to take serious steps to stop violence in his country and called the Arab League’s conditions “impossible.”
Last week, the Arab League issued sanctions against Syria that included banning travel for 19 government officials as well as freezing their assets. Additionally it cut off transactions with the Syrian central bank.
Imposing sanctions against Syria represented a drastic step for the Arab League, reports Bloomberg. Since it’s creation in 1945, the Arab League had never before imposed sanctions. The sanctions and instability will likely take a hard toll on Syria, whose economic growth is predicted to shrink from 5.5 percent in 2010 to just 1 to 2 percent this year.
Despite pressure from the Arab League, violence has shown no sign of abating as up to 25 Syrians died in clashes yesterday, reports Al Jazeera. Seven of those killed on Saturday died in clashes between anti-government forces and loyalists in the northern city of Idlib, while violence also raged on in long-restive Homs where two people were reported killed. Violence inside Syria remains difficult to verify independently as the government has placed tight control on foreign journalist, most of whom are not allowed inside Syria.
Violence originally started out as government forces attacking predominately peaceful protest movements this past spring. However, this changed when Syrian military units began defecting to the side of anti-government forces. The rebels have since formed the Free Syrian Army and inflicted mounting losses against government forces, reports The Daily Telegraph. At least 4,000 people have died since the uprising began and United Nations officials say the situation now looks like a civil war.
For the most part the Syrian government has ignored international criticism or responded to it as slander. Syrian Foreign Ministry officials called a UN resolution condemning human rights violations inside Syria as “politically motivated,” reports Xinhua.
“It was clear since the beginning of the crisis in Syria that some of the countries sponsoring such futile sessions are ignoring all the work being done by the Syrian government, as well as ignoring the acts of armed terrorist groups,” said Syrian envoy Fayssal al-Hamwi speaking to the UN.
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