Somalia-based Al Shabab claimed responsibility for the attack on a miners' camp in northern Kenya. The group continues to menace Kenya, which has sent troops into Somalia as part of an international peacekeeping effort.
The attack on Thursday night follows Al Shabab's brief takeover of a mosque in the area, which borders Somalia, the base for the militant group.
Critics are pointing to corruption as a key contributor to gaps in Kenya's security efforts.
The attack on Garissa University College was the deadliest yet by the militant Islamist group, which is based across the border in Somalia.
The Islamist group's deadly attack is a blow to Kenyan efforts to root out the Somalia-based militant organization. The group said it was holding Christian students as hostages.
While they are taking seriously Al Shabab's video threatening attacks on malls in the US, Canada, and Britain, officials say the group does not have capacity to follow through, and that its threats add little on top of the danger posed by 'lone wolves.'
The strike follows a Christmas Day attack by the Islamic militant group on African Union forces in Mogadishu. It was the latest in a series of setbacks the group has faced in recent months.
The extremist Somalis have killed soccer fans and bombed stadiums. But it seems their jihadis love the beautiful game and have their own 'halal' team. A score requires an 'Alahu Akbar!'