Israel’s ambassador and all but one of its diplomatic staff were evacuated from Egypt after a protest Friday at the Israeli embassy in Egypt turned violent, underscoring the new reality for Israel-Egypt relations after the Egyptian uprising.
Both nations said this weekend that they remained committed to the Camp David peace treaty and Egyptian authorities issued harsh statements vowing to punish those behind the violence. But the protest and its aftermath serves as a reminder that the relationship has changed for good with the Egyptian uprising that swept from power Israel’s longtime ally, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
“Mubarak took away our dignity, and now the military council is following the same path,” says Ahmed, a protester who asked that his last name not be used. He was speaking of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) that is ruling Egypt until new elections. "We won’t allow Israel to humiliate us any longer, and now we have the power to change this ourselves,” he says.
Few expect Egypt to back away from its agreements with Israel. But Egypt’s neighbor must be prepared for a profound shift. With parliamentary elections scheduled for this fall, presidential elections early next year, and popular anger with Israel running high, criticism of Egypt’s neighbor is likely to be a popular campaign issue. And a representative government will be much more sensitive to public sentiment than Mubarak was.
The protest, in which three people were killed by Egyptian security forces and 1,049 were wounded, reflected pent-up anger over Israel’s killing of six Egyptian border guards last month while pursuing gunmen who launched a cross-border attack that killed eight Israelis. The killing of the Egyptian border guards, and the Egyptian government’s refusal to recall its ambassador to Israel, enraged many Egyptians who want a change from Mubarak’s 30-year policy of cooperating with Israel.
Had Egypt withdrawn its ambassador from Tel Aviv after the killings, protesters would not have stormed the embassy, says Ahmed, who participated in the protest.
Egyptian officials said Saturday that they would prosecute those behind the violence in military courts, and say they have already arrested 130 people, according to state media.
How the embassy was stormed
The protest began on Friday, as demonstrators gathered at the Israeli embassy, which is housed in a residential apartment building.
Throughout the afternoon they demolished a wall that had recently been built to protect the building from protests. Security forces stood back and allowed the crowd to swell until some protesters stormed the building, breaking into the embassy and throwing hundreds of documents from the windows to the crowd below.
Clashes then ensued when riot police confronted the crowd.
Why didn't security forces do more?
Though united in anger against Israel, some Egyptians criticized the protesters for breaking into the embassy. They also sought answers to a key question: Why did the security forces stand back and allow it to happen?
Amr El Chobaky, an analyst at the Al Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, says the security forces’ restraint was part of the military’s attempt to keep popular anger at Israel from becoming directed at Egypt’s leadership. But they went too far by allowing protesters to enter the embassy, he says.
“The Egyptian people have the right to make a demonstration against Israeli policy and protest, but at the same time, the military council must respect the Egyptian obligations under international law," says Mr. Chobaky.