Nigeria's military chiefs and the president are apparently split over how to free nearly 300 schoolgirls abducted by Islamic extremists, with the military saying use of force endangers the hostages and the president reportedly ruling out a prisoner-hostage swap.
The defense chief, Air Marshal Alex Badeh, announced Monday night that the military has located the girls, but offered no details or a way forward. "We can't go and kill our girls in the name of trying to get them back," he said.
Previous military attempts to free hostages have led to the prisoners being killed by their abductors, including the deaths of two engineers, a Briton and an Italian, in Sokoto in March 2012.
A human rights activist close to mediators said a swap of detained extremists for the girls was negotiated a week ago but fell through because President Goodluck Jonathan refused to consider an exchange. The activist spoke to The Associated Press on condition of anonymity because the activist is not permitted to speak to press.
Britain's Minister for Africa, Mark Simmonds, said two weeks ago that the Nigerian leader had told him categorically he would not consider a prisoner swap.
Community leader Pogu Bitrus of Chibok, the town from which the girls were abducted on April 15, says authorities are speaking with "discordant voices" and the president appears under pressure to negotiate.
"The pressure is there if his own lieutenants are saying one (thing). Because if they cannot use force, the deduction is that there must be negotiation," Bitrus said. "And if their commander-in-chief, the president, is saying that he will not negotiate, then they are not on the same page."
Gov. Kashim Shettima of Borno state, the birthplace of the Boko Haram extremists and the northeastern state from which the girls were abducted, said recently: "We impress on the federal authorities to work with our friends that have offered to assist us to ensure the safe recovery of the innocent girls."
Nigeria's military and government have faced national and international outrage over their failure to rescue the girls seized by Boko Haram militants from a remote northeastern school six weeks ago.
Jonathan finally accepted international help. American planes have been searching for the girls and Britain, France, Israel and other countries have sent experts in surveillance and hostage negotiation.
A Boko Haram video shows some of the kidnapped girls reciting Quranic verses in Arabic and two of them explaining why they had converted from Christianity to Islam in captivity. Unverified reports indicate that two may have died of snake bites, that some have been forced to marry their abductors and that others may have been taken across borders into Chad and Cameroon.
Suspected Boko Haram gunmen have killed 54 people in two separate attacks in northeastern Nigeria, local officials said Tuesday.
In Borno state gunmen killed nine people in two remote villages on Monday night, said Nglamuda Ibrahim a local government official.
The armed men shot at villagers, burned their homes and hoisted white flags with Arabic letters, the official said.
In a separate attack gunmen killed 24 soldiers and 21 policemen in an attack on a military barracks in Buni Yadi town on Monday night, said police constable Abdullahi Mohammed in Damaturu, the capital of Yobe state.
The gunmen also attacked the Gujba Emir's Palace and burned houses of retired policemen, said witness Adamu Ibrahim. He said the attackers targeted the military and police.
"When we started running they asked us not to panic as they will not harm the civilians this time; we locked our doors and we started hearing gunshots and explosions," said Ibrahim.
Buni Yadi was the site of a deadly attack in February, where Boko Haram suspects killed 58 students in a pre-dawn attack on a government college. The militants set fire to a locked dormitory at a school in the town, then shot and slit the throats of students who tried to escape through windows.
Amnesty International said the authorities failed to act even though they were warned hours before Boko Haram militants staged the abductions.
Similar accusations against Nigeria's security forces are now coming out about the twin bomb attacks in the central city of Jos that left more than 130 people dead on May 20.
Traders in the Terminus market that was attacked say police failed to act after traders warned them about an abandoned vehicle hours before the bombings.
"Our members reported to the police that they noticed the presence of the (Peugeot) J5 bus parked early morning on that fateful date, and we don't know the owner," said Kabiru Muhammad Idris, a member of the traders' welfare committee at the market. He said police only removed the plates of the bus, and didn't check its contents.
His testimony was backed by other traders but denied by Plateau state police spokeswoman Felicia Anslem.
"No one informed the police about the J5 bus that was allegedly parked," Anslem said.
A second explosion followed the bus bomb as first respondents arrived.
No one claimed responsibility for the attack, though Boko Haram is suspected.
Boko Haram - the nickname means "Western education is sinful" - believes Western influences have corrupted Nigerian society and wants to install an Islamic state under strict Shariah law. Nigeria's population of 170 million people is divided almost equally between Christians and Muslims.
Adamu reported from Damuturu and Umar reported from Maiduguri.