Iran will ask developing nations attending a summit there to back its call for a cease-fire in Syria, an official said today, as Tehran seeks to be seen as a peacemaker in a region where its Arab neighbors often view it with suspicion.
Iran says the 120-nation Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) summit in its capital proves US efforts to isolate it have failed. A resolution on Syria would help Tehran argue that its ties with Damascus are benign.
"Iran's proposal to the meeting of members of the Non-Aligned Movement to solve the Syria issue is to recommend a cease-fire and the implementation of national reconciliation talks in the country," deputy foreign minister Hossein Amir Abdullahian was quoted as saying by state news agency IRNA.
Shi'ite Muslim Iran denies accusations it has helped Assad crush his opponents – mostly from the majority Sunni community. Assad is a member of the minority Alawite faith, an offshoot of Shiite Islam.
Tehran blames the West and Sunni Muslim Gulf countries of fueling Syria's civil war by supporting the rebels.
"Bashar al-Assad said that any step that comes from Iran in order to solve the problem in Syria is trustworthy and acceptable," said Alaeddin Boroujerdi, a senior parliamentarian visiting Syria this week.
"Any plan without Bashar al-Assad is destined to fail, just like up until now it has failed," Boroujerdi told Iran's Fars news agency, saying Assad had "defeated" the uprising.
Iran had an important role to play in regional issues, particularly regarding Syria, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon told Iranian journalists on his arrival in Tehran today. He was due to meet both President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei later in the day.
Iran's proposal for a three-month cease-fire has been presented for discussion by NAM foreign ministers, Abdullahian said, and its outcome will be presented at the end of the summit on Aug. 31.
Egyptian president Mohammad Morsi – who is due to attend the summit as the first Egyptian leader in Iran since the 1979 Islamic Revolution – is also expected to lay out further details of his own plan for Syria.
"When Mr. Morsi comes to Tehran we'll see whether there will be other initiatives by NAM. We'll have to cross our fingers and see how things move," foreign ministry official Mohammad Mehdi Akhoundzadeh told state television yesterday.
But speaking to Reuters earlier this week, Morsi made a call for Assad to be removed from power, something Tehran would oppose.
Morsi's message could also prevent the normalisation of relations between Cairo and Tehran. Diplomatic relations between the countries broke down over Egypt's support for the Shah and its peace agreement withIsrael.
In the interview, Morsi avoided answering a question on whether he intended to upgrade Egypt's relations with Iran but indicated he would pursue a more balanced foreign policy in general.