Ramadan 101: Ten facts about the holy month of Ramadan

9. The Five Pillars of Islam

Vincent Kessler/Reuters
Members of the Muslim community attend midday prayers at Strasbourg Grand Mosque in Strasbourg on the first day of Ramadan July 9, 2013.

Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, the practices that all Muslims must follow. They are as follows:

Shahada: This is a profession of belief in the one true God. The declaration usually goes as follows: “There is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet and servant.”

Salat: Praying five time daily facing the direction of Mecca. Muslims must practice ablution before the prayers. 

Zakat: The giving of charity to the poor and needy. 

Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan.

Hajj: The pilgrimage to Mecca that each Muslim must make at least once in his or her lifetime. 

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