South Sudan set to join ranks of five of the world's newest countries

The South Sudan referendum ended with an overwhelming vote for independence – 99.57 percent of those polled voted for it – and put the region officially on track to become independent in July.
How often is a country born? Here’s a look at five of the most recent declarations of independence:

East Timor, 2002

East Timor, located in the Indian Ocean between Indonesia and Australia, faced a bloody path to independence.

The island formerly known simply as “Timor” declared independence from colonial power Portugal in 1975. It was almost immediately invaded by Indonesia, which then absorbed the island nation. In 1999, the UN oversaw a referendum on independence for East Timor, also known as Timor-Leste. The result was an overwhelming vote in favor of independence from Indonesia.

Anti-independence militia, sponsored by Indonesia, wreaked havoc on the emerging nation for months following the vote, until international peacekeeping forces moved in. East Timor became internationally recognized as independent in 2002. Most of the western half of the island became part of Indonesia.

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