Once its critic Trump defends NATO against Macron

Frequent infighting among its 29 members is raising questions about the military alliance and its commitment to collective defense. 

Francisco Seco/AP
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg speaks during an event in London on Dec. 3, 2019, where U.S. President Donald Trump and his NATO counterparts have gathered to mark the alliance's 70th birthday amid spats between leaders.

U.S. President Donald Trump on Tuesday took aim at President Emmanuel Macron over the French leader’s criticism of NATO, and criticized the other members of the military alliance for being too slow to beef up their defense budgets.

As prime ministers and presidents of the 29-member alliance converged on London to mark NATO’s 70th birthday, Mr. Trump told reporters Mr. Macron’s comments were “very, very nasty” when he lamented the “brain death” of the organization due in large part to a lack of U.S. leadership.

“I think that’s insulting to a lot of different forces,” Mr. Trump said. “You just can’t go around making statements like that about NATO. It’s very disrespectful.”

During campaigning for the last election, Mr. Trump described NATO as “obsolete.” He has since tempered his criticism somewhat.

Mr. Macron was angered when Mr. Trump unilaterally pulled troops out of northern Syria last month, a move that Turkey saw as a green light for an invasion. The European Union is mired in a political crisis sparked by its inability to manage Syrian refugee arrivals, and fears that more people might flee.

Relations between the United States and France are also particularly strained this week after The U.S. Trade Representative proposed introducing tariffs on $2.4 billion in goods in retaliation for a French tax on global tech giants. Mr. Trump and Mr. Macron are due to meet on the sidelines of the summit.

Discussing military funding, Mr. Trump insisted that “a lot of countries haven’t paid.”

After Russia annexed the Crimean Peninsula in 2014, NATO countries halted their post-Cold War spending cuts and began increasing spending. They pledged to “move toward” spending 2% of GDP on their national defense budgets by 2024.

“You could make the case that they’ve been delinquent for 25-30 years,” Mr. Trump said, after talks with NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg. He added that the figure of 2% “is a very low number, it really should be 4.”

Mr. Stoltenberg, given the unenviable task of trying to hold NATO together as its leaders take pot shots at each other, said that “we’re doing more together, North America and Europe, than we have done in many decades.”

But even he conceded that “we should never question the unity and the political willingness to stand together and to defend each other. The whole purpose of NATO is to preserve peace. It’s to prevent conflict by sending a clear message to any potential adversary that if one ally is attacked it will trigger a response from the whole alliance.”

The spats between leaders threaten to expose a lack of unity that could undermine the military organization’s credibility.

Mr. Macron insisted ahead of the meeting that the endless spending debate should be set aside so that NATO can focus on important strategic questions like who its enemies really are, how to improve ties with Russia, and what to do with an unpredictable ally like Turkey. In turn, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan lashed out at Mr. Macron.

Ankara raised the ire of its allies by invading northern Syria, and for buying Russian air defense systems with powerful computers aboard that suck up data and would compromise the military equipment of allies if they were stationed nearby.

Before heading to London, Mr. Erdogan suggested that Turkey might not back Poland and NATO’s Baltic allies – Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania – should they require defending unless the allies support Turkish concerns about Syrian Kurdish fighters, which Ankara sees as terrorists.

That threat raises new questions about NATO’s commitment to its collective defense clause – Article 5 – under which all allies vow to come to the aid of a member under attack. The clause has only ever been activated once, after the 9/11 attacks in the U.S.

The very public arguments bode ill for a summit hosted by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who is deep into an electoral campaign and desperately wants to smooth things over.

The two-day summit kicks off late Tuesday with receptions at Buckingham Palace and Downing Street. One short working session will be held at a golf resort in outer London on Wednesday. The aim is to issue a joint declaration – if the summit can survive the friendly fire.

Mr. Trump is due to hold separate talks with Mr. Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Danish Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen, and Italian Premier Giuseppe Conte on the sidelines. Mr. Johnson is also set to host talks on Syria with Mr. Macron, Ms. Merkel, and Mr. Erdogan later Tuesday.

This story was reported by The Associated Press. AP's Zeke Miller, Suzan Fraser, Daria Litvinova, and Darlene Superville contributed to this report.

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