Italians use unsold food to feed hungry, cut food waste
At open-air markets, some Italians are collecting and distributing leftover food to those in need. These initiatives – in a country renowned for its food and markets – are part of Italy's push to cut back on food waste.
The young Roma woman gingerly touched the oranges and cabbages, bright, fresh, and neatly stacked in crates. Francesco Fanoli, an anthropologist, insisted the woman could take them – for free.
With a toddler playing in a nearby pram and more mouths to feed at home, the mother took the cache gratefully, telling Mr. Fanoli she could not find any work without an identity card.
Next up: a range of breads from Viola de Andrade Piroli, a pilates teacher who had just nipped into a nearby shop.
The loaves were gratefully received by the young Roma woman.
Then moments later, Maria Roccatelli turned up – an elderly woman wrapped in a big green jacket and thick scarf to keep out the winter cold, pushed by her son in a wheelchair.
They picked up a pineapple, oranges, beans, chicory, and cauliflowers, filling two large plastic bags. This should help see them through the week, Ms. Roccatelli, who lives in a nearby fourth-floor apartment, told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
A regular now, Roccatelli learnt of the project from a stranger on the street.
"[She] told me, "Go there, they give poor people things," so I came," she said. "Everything helps."
Since September, Fanoli and Ms. de Andrade Piroli have spent Saturday afternoons at the Alberone open-air market, a few metro stops from Rome's tourist attractions, cajoling shop keepers to hand over unsold food and help the hungry.
Once the market closes, they put up a cardboard box with a handwritten sign, "raccolta e distribuzione gratis" ("free collection and distribution") and give it all away.
In a nation proud of its produce and with legendary food markets, the initiative is a ground breaker, helping the needy and cutting waste.
Food is a cultural cornerstone in Italy yet the most recent government survey of 400 families showed each one wastes the equivalent of 187 lbs. of food, worth a combined $10.49 billion a year. Earlier figures have put food waste as high as 320 lbs. per family, at a cost of $19.74 billion.
In 2016, Italy passed a law to limit food waste, making it easier to donate unsold food.
It is still early to crunch numbers but the signs are good, said Roberto Moncalvo, president of the Italian agricultural association Coldiretti.
"In 2017, 6 out of 10 people we interviewed said they have reduced food waste, a sign that families are now aware of this issue," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation by phone.
Still, much remains to be done.
Most of the Alberone Market covers just one short street, but that Saturday, Fanoli and de Andrade Piroli collected 218 lbs. of food that would likely have gone to rot otherwise.
"At the beginning we were collecting between 30 to 50 kilos [66 to 110 lbs.]. Then it started to grow. Now we are on an average of 130, 150 kilos [287 to 331 lbs.] every Saturday," said de Andrade Piroli.
Globally, one third of all food produced, worth nearly $1 trillion, is wasted every year, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
Critics say food waste is not only unethical in a world of rising hunger but environmentally destructive.
Most waste happens in the home but market schemes raise awareness, said Paulo Hutter, who runs a non-governmental organization, Eco dalle Città.
His organization recruited asylum seekers from sub-Saharan and north African countries to collect, recycle, and distribute unsold foods at Porta Palazzo, Europe's largest open-air market, situated in the northern Italian city of Turin.
This was to foster better relationships between communities and to "show African volunteers doing something useful for poor people," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.
Migration is a hot-button issue in Italy, with political parties taking a hard line against immigrants ahead of national elections on March 4.
The project in Turin, supported by Novamont, an Italian biochemical company, now collects about 882 lbs. of unsold products every day. It was the inspiration for the Rome market initiative and Mr. Hutter advised the volunteers who now staff it.
They are struggling to find private sector partners that could help expand the project, be it collecting more often at Alberone Market or starting similar projects in other venues.
For now, working out of pocket and in their own time, de Andrade Piroli and Fanoli are thankful to the stall holders who have embraced their project, like Roberta Cantalini, a third-generation fruit and vegetable vendor.
"For me, the initiative is useful.... It is good to help people, but sometimes, there are people who don't need it, who pick up the free food," he said.
Half the shops at the market now support the project, said de Andrade Piroli, who spent days speaking to shop owners to allay fears that their livelihoods were at stake.
That January afternoon, a dozen or so people came to pick up the food, including Ludmilla, a Moldovan woman who does multiple domestic jobs.
She saves about $12.34 a week this way, Ludmilla said, as she filled her bags with vegetables for two elderly neighbors.
"The majority of those who come are people in need. It's not up to us to judge," said de Andrade Piroli.
This story was reported by Thomson Reuters Foundation.