European Union, Turkey reach migration deal. How will it be implemented?

European Union and Turkish leaders have reached a deal to send thousands of asylum-seekers back to Turkey. But Greek government officials signaled Saturday that implementation will need to be gradual.

Yorgos Karahalis/AP
Refugees and migrants wait in line outside a passenger terminal at the Athens' port of Piraeus, on Saturday, March 19, 2016. European Union and Turkish leaders celebrated a "historic day" after sealing a widely-criticized pact to send thousands of asylum-seekers back to Turkey — a deal that will cost millions and require the rapid dispatch of thousands of experts to Greece to undertake the complicated task of making the plan a reality.

Government officials in Greece signaled Saturday that implementation of a migration agreement between the European Union and Turkey could only occur gradually, with key details still to be worked out on how migrants newly arriving from Turkey will be processed and returned.

Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras was meeting with ministers and senior officials involved in the migration crisis, hours after the deal was reached in Brussels to send back migrants arriving on the Greek islands to Turkey, starting Sunday.

Yiannis Balafas, the deputy interior minister, said swift screening procedures in the Greek islands would require additional staff promised by the European Union.

"(Migrants) will be returned after they have been swiftly processed. That is why we need the technical assistance," Balafas told private Mega television.

Greece is expecting some 2,300 European experts, including migration officers and translators, to help implement the deal.

"Obviously, none of those people have arrived yet," a government official told the AP, asking not be identified pending official announcements. "What we have at the moment is a political decision. This must now be put into practice."

Migrants on Lesbos and other islands in the east Aegean Sea were being taken by ferry to the mainland ports of Piraeus and Kavala where they will be placed in shelters and eligible for an EU-wide relocation program. Those who arrive on the islands from Sunday onward will be screened and their identity recorded and then sent back to Turkey.

At the Greek-Macedonian border Saturday, no new arrivals were reported by relief agencies at a giant makeshift camp near the border village of Idomeni.

Migrants took advantage of a break in bad weather to wash clothes and sought information on the EU-Turkey deal — responding with a mixture of relief and disappointment, with Balkan borders to remain closed but with most migrants already on Greek territory made exempt from plans for swift deportation.

Mohamed Tamer spent three weeks camped out at Idomeni, hoping to travel onto Berlin where his sister lives.

On Saturday, he decided it was time to leave.

"I will try and apply with the EU relocation service," he told the AP before boarding a bus for Athens. "The decision made in Brussels is not clear. What will happen to us? No one cares," he said.

"(EU leaders) should have come here and spent one night in Idomeni before making up their minds."


Kantouris reported from Idomeni, northern Greece.

of stories this month > Get unlimited stories
You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Unlimited digital access $11/month.

Get unlimited Monitor journalism.