Sri Lanka installs PM as president as protesters voice discontent

Sri Lankan politicians managed to overcome their differences and find consensus on a new president for the troubled nation. One problem: Their pick is the unpopular current prime minister, frustrating many Sri Lankans who are desperate for new leadership.

Eranga Jayawardena/AP
Sri Lankan protestors shout in protest outside the president's office as Parliament votes in new president, July 20, 2022. After weeks of protest, and the resignation of the former president, the election of his replacement has been met with disappointment and anger.

Sri Lankan lawmakers elected the unpopular prime minister as their new president Wednesday, a choice that risked reigniting turmoil in the South Asian nation reeling from economic collapse.

The crisis has already forced one Sri Lankan leader out, and a few hundred protesters quickly gathered after the vote to express their outrage that Ranil Wickremesinghe – a six-time prime minister whom they see as part of the problematic political establishment – would stay in power.

Sri Lankans have taken to the street for months to demand their top leaders step down as the country spiraled into economic chaos that left its 22 million people struggling with shortages of essentials, including medicine, fuel, and food. After demonstrators stormed the presidential palace and several other government buildings last week, President Gotabaya Rajapaksa fled, and then resigned.

Much of the protesters’ ire is focused on Mr. Rajapaksa and his family’s political dynasty, which ruled Sri Lanka for most of the past two decades. But many also blame Mr. Wickremesinghe for protecting Mr. Rajapaksa, and during demonstrations last week, crowds set his personal residence on fire, and occupied his office.

Wednesday’s vote means Mr. Wickremesinghe – who was also Mr. Rajapaksa’s finance minister and became acting president after the leader fled – will finish the presidential term ending in 2024. He can now also appoint a new prime minister.

“I need not tell you what state our country is in,” Mr. Wickremesinghe told fellow lawmakers after his victory was announced. “People are not expecting the old politics from us, they expect us to work together.”

He pleaded for the country to move on: “Now that the election is over, we have to end this division.”

But protesters flocked to the presidential residence instead, chanting, “Ranil, go home.”

“We are very sad, very disappointed with the 225 parliament members who we elected to speak for us, which they have not done,” said Visaka Jayawware, a performance artist in the crowd. “We will keep fighting for the people of Sri Lanka. We have to ask for a general election.”

Mr. Wickremesinghe has wide experience in diplomatic and international affairs – he noted Wednesday that he had spent 45 years of his life in Parliament – and has led the talks on a bailout package for the bankrupt country with the International Monetary Fund.
But many voters view him with suspicion since he was appointed prime minister by Mr. Rajapaksa in May, in hopes he would restore stability.

The protesters accuse Mr. Rajapaksa and his powerful family of siphoning money from government coffers and of hastening the country’s collapse by mismanaging the economy. The family has denied the corruption allegations, but the former president acknowledged that some of his policies contributed to Sri Lanka’s meltdown.

“The struggle will continue until our demands are met. [Mr. Wickremesinghe] doesn’t have a mandate to rule the country,” said Nemel Jayaweera, a human resources professional. “We will oppose him.”

Still, the ruling party’s majority in Parliament swept Mr. Wickremesinghe to victory in Wednesday’s vote, with 134 votes. Populist Dullas Mr. Alahapperuma, a longtime ally of Mr. Rajapaksa and also a minister in his government, secured 82, while a Marxist candidate netted three.

The vote, shown on national television, was a decorous, solemn affair. While the balloting was secret, as the results were announced, lawmakers thumped their tables in support of their candidates.

After the vote, some supporters celebrated Mr. Wickremesinghe’s win in the streets. He will be sworn in on Thursday.

Only a few lawmakers had publicly said they would vote for Mr. Wickremesinghe given the widespread hostility against him – but dozens loyal to Mr. Rajapaksa had been expected to back him because he had assured them he would severely punish protesters who burned politicians’ homes in the unrest.

On Monday, in his role as acting president, Mr. Wickremesinghe declared a state of emergency that gave him broad authority to act in the interest of public security and order. Authorities can carry out searches and detain people, and Mr. Wickremesinghe can also change or suspend any law.

The political turmoil in Sri Lanka has only worsened the economic disaster. But Mr. Wickremesinghe said Monday that negotiations with the IMF were nearing a conclusion, while talks on help from other countries had also progressed. He also said that the government has taken steps to resolve shortages of fuel and cooking gas.

Hours before Wednesday’s vote, the IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva told financial magazine Nikkei Asia that the organization hoped to complete the rescue talks “as quickly as possible.”

As prime minister, Mr. Wickremesinghe delivered weekly addresses in Parliament cautioning that the path out of the crisis would be difficult, while also pledging to overhaul a government that increasingly has concentrated power under the presidency.

Presidents in Sri Lanka are normally elected by the public. The responsibility falls to Parliament only if the presidency becomes vacant before the term officially ends.

That has happened only once before in Sri Lanka when then-Prime Minister Dingiri Banda Wijetunga was chosen by Parliament uncontested in 1993 after former President Ranasinghe Premadasa, father of the current opposition leader, was assassinated.

This story was reported by The Associated Press. AP writer Bharatha Mallawarachi contributed to this report.

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