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Migrant caravan, dropping in numbers, sets its sights on Mexico City

After a long trek through Veracruz, a Mexican state notoriously dangerous for migrants, the caravan heads toward the Mexican capital where members plan to rest and wait for stragglers. The estimated 4,000 migrants are still hundreds of miles from the US border. 

Rodrigo Abd/AP
Victoria Pacheco (center, r.) celebrates her birthday with other migrant children from Central America at a temporary shelter in Cordoba, Mexico, on Nov. 4. Thousands of migrants are now headed to Mexico City after the long journey through the state of Veracruz.

A big group of Central Americans pushed on toward Mexico City from a coastal state Monday, planning to exit a part of the country that has long been treacherous for migrants seeking to get to the United States.

In a thundering voice vote Sunday night at a gymnasium in Cordoba, about 1,000 members of a migrant caravan that has been moving northward through Mexico voted to try to get to the capital Monday by walking and hitching rides. Cordoba is 178 miles from the capital by the shortest route, which would be the group's longest single-day journey yet since they began more than three weeks ago.

A few hundred others had already arrived at a large outdoor sports area in the capital, where they lounged on bleachers and watched locals play soccer. City employees piled hot food onto Styrofoam plates for the migrants, some of whom had hopped freight trucks to speed their arrival to the capital.

The new day's march to Mexico City didn't start easily. Migrants briefly blocked traffic on the busy highway to beseech passing truckers for a ride, but none offered one.

The weary caravan participants made it to Cordoba after a 124-mile trek through Veracruz, a state where hundreds of migrants have disappeared in recent years, falling prey to kidnappers looking for ransom payments. The estimated 4,000 migrants in Veracruz are still hundreds of miles from the nearest United States border point.

They hope to regroup in the Mexican capital, seeking medical care and rest while awaiting stragglers. The caravan has found strength in numbers as it meanders north, with townspeople coming out to offer food, water, fresh clothes, and replacement footwear.

Other migrants who had moved out ahead of the main body rested at a church in Puebla, a city roughly midway between Cordoba and Mexico City.

It is unclear what part of the US border the caravan will aim for eventually, or how many may splinter off on their own.

Most of the migrants said they remain convinced that traveling as a large mass is their best hope for reaching the US. The migrants generally say they are fleeing rampant poverty, gang violence, and political instability primarily in the Central American countries of Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, and Nicaragua.

"We think that it is better to continue together with the caravan. We are going to stay with it and respect the organizers," said Luis Euseda, a 32-year-old from Tegucigalpa, Honduras, traveling with his wife. "Others went ahead, maybe they have no goal, but we do have a goal and it is to arrive."

Yuri Juarez said he knows there's a "very low" chance he will get asylum in the United States. But he said he had no way to work back home in Villanueva, Guatemala, where he had to close his internet cafe after gang members extorted him, then robbed his customers, and finally stole his computers.

Mexicans along the way have often given a helping hand to the migrants even if their government has clearly tried to discourage them. Catalina Muñoz said she bought tortillas on credit to assemble tacos of beans, cheese, and rice when she heard the migrant caravan would pass through her tiny town of 3,000 inhabitants. She gathered 15 others to help make the tacos, fill water bottles, and carry fruit to exhausted migrants passing down the road.

Mexico faces the unprecedented situation of having three migrant caravans stretched over 300 miles of highway in the states of Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Veracruz. The largest group was the first to enter Mexico, and it has been followed by a group of about 1,000 that crossed over from Guatemala last week and a second of about the same size that waded over the Suchiate River on Friday.

Mexico's Interior Ministry estimated over the weekend that there are more than 5,000 migrants in total currently moving through southern Mexico via the caravans or in smaller groups. The ministry said 2,793 migrants have applied for refugee status in Mexico in recent weeks and around 500 have asked for assistance to return to their home countries.

President Donald Trump has ordered US troops to the Mexican border in response to the caravans, with more than 7,000 active duty troops earmarked to deploy to Texas, Arizona, and California. Trump plans to sign an order that could lead to the large-scale detention of migrants crossing the southern border and bar anyone caught crossing illegally from claiming asylum.

This story was reported by The Associated Press. AP writer Amy Guthrie in Mexico City contributed to this report.

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