Why none of Guatemala's 14 candidates have much public support

Guatemala's president resigned on Thursday, leading to a hasty election on Sunday. The leader in the polls, a wealthy businessman and politician, faces off against 13 other candidates. If no candidate reaches 50 percent, a runoff will be held Oct. 25.

Moises Castillo/AP
Guatemalans wait in line during their country's general elections at a polling station in San Juan Sacatepequez, Guatemala, Sunday, Sept. 6, 2015. Guatemalans headed to the polls to choose new president amid a fraud scandal that forced President Otto Perez Molina and Vice President Roxana Baldetti to resign. Both are currently in custody, accused of being involved in a customs kickback scheme.

An uncomfortable challenge confronted Guatemala's presidential candidates on Sunday: trying to win the votes of a nation that has put the last elected leader in court custody.

Most are old-guard candidates picked to run before energized prosecutors backed by a mass anti-corruption movement toppled the previous administration. Many voters are so skeptical that they campaigned for the election itself to be postponed to give them a new crop of choices.

Currently in power is Alejandro Maldonado, who has served as Vice President since the resignation of ex-Vice President Roxana Baldetti in May. Ms. Baldetti was elected with ex-President Otto Perez Molina, who resigned last week. President Maldonado, a 79-year-old conservative former high court justice, has served as Guatemala's foreign minister and in ambassadorial posts.

Leading in most polls, with roughly 30 percent backing, is Manuel Baldizon, a wealthy 44-year-old businessman and longtime politician. His running mate is accused by prosecutors of influence trafficking, but as a candidate enjoys immunity from prosecution.

Guatemalans began heading to the polls after they opened early Sunday to also elect a vice president, members of Congress and the Central American Parliament, and local authorities for municipalities nationwide.

In the presidential race, Mr. Baldizon's most competitive rivals were television comedian Jimmy Morales, who has never held elective office, former first lady Sandra Torres and Zulia Rios, the daughter of a former dictator accused of genocide.

If none of the 14 candidates reaches 50 percent, a runoff will be held Oct. 25.

A key question is the level of protest vote in the face of a corruption scandal that has forced Mr. Perez Molina and Ms. Baldetti to resign. Both are currently in custody, accused of being involved in a customs kickback scheme.

Perez Molina appeared in court Thursday to face accusations that he was involved in a scheme in which businesspeople paid bribes to avoid import duties through Guatemala's customs agency. He is the first Guatemalan president to resign.

Judge Miguel Angel Galvez ordered Perez Molina's detention citing a need to "ensure the continuity of the hearing" and guarantee the ex-president's safety.

Perez Molina, 64, has steadfastly maintained his innocence and reiterated his willingness to face the investigation head-on....

[T]he customs corruption scandal involved a scheme known as "La Linea," or "The Line." It is believed to have defrauded the state of millions of dollars.

A growing protest movement brought together Guatemalans from all walks of life, from business leaders to Roman Catholic Church officials, to demand that Perez Molina step down as the fraud probe expanded to implicate more officials.

Ex-Vice President Roxana Baldetti's former personal secretary was named as the alleged ringleader and is a fugitive. Baldetti, who resigned May 8 and is now jailed and facing charges, also maintains her innocence.

Activists are urging voters to go to the polls wearing black clothes of mourning, abstain or cast null ballots. On the streets, it's hard to find a campaign poster that hasn't been covered with insults. Tens of thousands had joined demonstrations asking for the vote to be postponed.

Baldizon, who finished second in the last presidential race, initially campaigned on the slogan "It's his turn" — a reference to the fact that the last four elections have been won by the previous runner-up. It struck many critics as a display of what's wrong with the country's politics. At protests, demonstrators have chanted: "It's not your turn."

Baldizon has acknowledged Guatemalans' disgust with crime, corruption and impunity. His campaign website vows a "modernization of the democratic state" to reform government and combat poverty and social inequality.

But after Baldizon's campaign blew past the legal ceiling on electoral costs, he ignored orders to stop spending.

Mr. Morales, 46, boasts of his outsider status and says he is part of the uprising against corruption. He has promised greater transparency, including media review of government contracts.

Ms. Torres, 59, divorced former President Alvaro Colom ahead of the last presidential race to try to get around rules barring presidential relatives from running, but was still ruled ineligible. A businesswoman and longtime political party figure, she is proposing a coalition government to respond to the concerns of outraged citizens.

Ms. Rios, 47, is the daughter of former dictator Efrain Rios Montt, who faces charges of crimes against humanity for killings by security forces during his 1982-83 regime. She emphasizes her experience from 16 years in Congress, where she promoted laws against discrimination and drug and human trafficking.

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