Sudanese continue protests as president tightens grip

President Omar al-Bashir has proved impervious to three months of protests. While the international community stays quiet, Sudanese protesters persist as they chant slogans from the 2011 Arab Spring.

AP
Anti-government protesters rally in Khartoum, Sudan on Jan. 13, 2019. Three months after Sudanese protesters rose up against President Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted for genocide and war crimes linked to the Darfur conflict.

Three months after Sudanese protesters rose up against President Omar al-Bashir, the longtime autocrat has bound himself more tightly to the military and refuses to bow to their demands.

The wily leader has remained in power through three decades of war and sanctions, the secession of Sudan's oil-rich south in 2011, and an international arrest warrant for genocide and war crimes linked to the Darfur conflict.

But since December he has faced the biggest protests of his long rule, with political parties and unions demanding his ouster and demonstrators chanting slogans from the 2011 Arab Spring.

Daily protests

Demonstrators are still taking to the streets nearly every day despite a heavy crackdown by security forces. The largest protests are being held in the capital, Khartoum, and nearby Omdurman, with smaller ones breaking out elsewhere.

Activists said in early February that 57 people had been killed, while the government put the toll at 31, including police. Neither has updated those figures since then, even as clashes have regularly erupted, with police dispersing protesters with tear gas, rubber bullets, live ammunition, and batons. Hundreds of people have been arrested and are still behind bars.

The umbrella group of independent professional unions that has been spearheading the protests is sticking to its demands that Mr. Al-Bashir's administration be replaced with an interim government that would prepare the country for new elections.

Sarah Abdel-Jaleel, a spokeswoman for the group, said they call for a "total change of the regime to meet the aspirations of the Sudanese people."

"There is no room for compromises with this regime. History tells us that dialogue with the regime was not fruitful," she said. "We will continue our peaceful resistance."

Government closes ranks

Mr. Al-Bashir has offered little in the way of concessions, beyond calling for a national dialogue and asking parliament to postpone constitutional amendments that would allow him to seek a new term in next year's elections.

Instead, he has bound himself more tightly to the country's feared security forces, replacing all state governors with senior military officers. He has declared a state of emergency, banned all unauthorized gatherings, and given security forces sweeping powers to try and quash the protests.

Mr. Al-Bashir also dissolved the government last month. But his hand-picked prime minister on Wednesday announced a new Cabinet that keeps the defense and foreign ministers in place.

Mr. Al-Bashir stepped down as leader of the National Congress party but handed power to hard-line Islamist Ahmed Harun, who is also wanted by the International Criminal Court on charges linked to the conflict in Darfur in the 2000s.

Mr. Al-Bashir's embrace of the military appears to be aimed at avoiding a repeat of the coup that brought him to power in 1989.

International silence

Mr. Al-Bashir has been isolated internationally for most of the time he has been in office. Western countries expressed concern about the violence in the early days of the protests, but have been largely silent since then.

Arab countries have meanwhile remained largely neutral, fearing any revival of the Arab Spring protests that swept the region in 2011 but also viewing Mr. Al-Bashir as an unreliable ally.

The longtime leader has courted various Gulf states in recent years, playing both sides in the Saudi-Qatari rivalry without strongly committing to either. Relations with neighboring Egypt have oscillated over a longstanding border dispute and the construction of a major hydroelectric dam in Ethiopia that threatens to cut into both countries' share of the Nile.

In the absence of strong international pressure, the deadlock between the protesters and the government looks set to continue. For now, both sides appear to think that time is on their side.

This story was reported by The Associated Press. 

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.