World Africa First Look

Mugabe refuses to leave presidency despite military pressure

Zimbabwe's political future remains uncertain as the military pressures President Robert Mugabe to end his 37 years of power, which would allow for former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa to step in as leader.

People pass by newspaper headlines detailing President Robert Mugabe's recent house arrest enforced by the Zimbabwean military in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Nov. 16.
AP
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Caption
  • MacDonald Dzirutwe
    Reuters

President Robert Mugabe is insisting he remains Zimbabwe's only legitimate ruler and balking at mediation by a Catholic priest to allow the former guerrilla a graceful exit after a military coup, sources said on Thursday.

A political source who spoke to senior allies holed up with Mr. Mugabe and his wife, Grace, in his lavish "Blue House" Harare compound said Mugabe had no plans to resign voluntarily ahead of elections scheduled for next year.

"It's a sort of stand-off, a stalemate," the source said. "They are insisting the president must finish his term."

The Army's takeover signaled the collapse in less than 36 hours of the security, intelligence, and patronage networks that sustained Mugabe through 37 years in power and built him into the "Grand Old Man" of African politics.

The priest, Fidelis Mukonori, who has been mediating between Mugabe and the generals who seized power on Wednesday in a targeted operation against "criminals" in his entourage, had also made little headway, a senior political source told Reuters.

The Army appears to want Mugabe, who has led Zimbabwe since independence from Britain in 1980, to go quietly and allow a smooth and bloodless transition to former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa.

Still seen by many Africans as a liberation hero, Mugabe is reviled in the West as a despot whose disastrous handling of the economy and willingness to resort to violence to maintain power pauperized one of Africa's most promising states.

Once a regional bread-basket, Zimbabwe's economy collapsed in the wake of the seizure of white-owned farms in the early 2000s, followed by runaway money-printing that catapaulted inflation to 500 billion percent in 2008.

Millions, from highly skilled bankers to semi-literate farmers, emigrated. Most went to neighboring South Africa, where an estimated 3 million still live, despite a brief economic revival under a 2009-13 power-sharing government.

A fighter, both literally and figuratively during a political career that included several assassination attempts, Mugabe now appears to have reached the end of the road.

With the Army camped on his front door and the police – once seen as a bastion of support – showing no signs of resistance, force is not an option. Similarly, he has no popular backing in the capital, where he is widely loathed, and his influence in the ruling ZANU-PF party is evaporating.

ZANU-PF youth leader Kudzai Chipanga, a vocal Mugabe supporter, publicly apologized for opposing the Army after being marched into the state television headquarters to read out a statement, sources at the broadcaster said.

He was then taken back to the Army's main KGVI barracks in Harare, where Finance Minister Ignatius Chombo is also being held, an Army source said.

Video footage obtained by Reuters from the houses of two key Grace Mugabe allies – cabinet ministers Jonathan Moyo and Saviour Kasukuwere – indicated that the Army was also prepared to use lethal force if necessary.

Mr. Moyo's front door was blown open with explosives, scattering glass across the entrance hall, while the inside walls of Mr. Kasukuwere's house were pocked with bullet holes.

The pair managed to escape on the evening of the coup and make it to Mugabe's compound, where they remain under effective house arrest, one political source said.

Zimbabwean intelligence reports seen by Reuters suggest Mugabe's exit was in the planning for more than a year.

Mr. Mnangagwa, a former security chief and life-long Mugabe confidant known as "The Crocodile" who was axed as vice-president earlier this month, is the key player.

According to the files and political sources in Zimbabwe and South Africa, once Mugabe's resignation is secured Mnangagwa would take over as president of an interim unity government that will seek to stabilize the imploding economy.

Fueling speculation that this plan might be rolling into action, opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai, who has been receiving cancer treatment in Britain and South Africa, returned to Harare late on Wednesday, his spokesman said.

Ex-finance minister Tendai Biti added to that speculation, telling Reuters he would be happy to work in a post-coup administration as long as Mr. Tsvangirai was also on board.

"If Morgan says he's in, I'm in," said Mr. Biti, who earned international respect during his time as finance minister in the 2009-13 government. "The country needs a solid pair of hands so one might not have a choice."

Since ZANU-PF won an election outright in 2013, the economy has gone into reverse, with chronic shortages sparking runs on banks and another financial collapse.

South Africa said Mugabe had told President Jacob Zuma by telephone on Wednesday that he was confined to his home but was otherwise fine and the military said it was keeping him and his family, including wife Grace, safe.

Despite lingering admiration for Mugabe among older African leaders, there is little public affection for Grace, an ex-government typist who began an affair with Mugabe in the early 1990s while his first wife, Sally, was dying of kidney failure.

Dubbed "DisGrace" or "Gucci Grace" on account of her reputed love of shopping, she enjoyed a meteoric rise through the ranks of ZANU-PF in the past two years, culminating in Mnangagwa's removal a week ago.

Zimbabweans, including the Mnangagwa camp and the military, interpreted his ouster as a move to clear the way for her to succeed her husband.

In contrast to the high political drama unfolding behind closed doors, the streets of the capital remained calm, with people going about their daily business, albeit under the watch of soldiers on armored vehicles at strategic locations.

This story was reported by Reuters.

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