Are new laws leading more teens to smoke marijuana?

A survey shows American teenagers abuse prescription and hard drugs less often than they used to, but they seem to be viewing marijuana use with decreasing wariness even as state governments legalize the drug for adult use.

Lisa Rathke/AP
University of Vermont pharmacology professor Karen Lounsbury talks about a new class on the science of marijuana to be offered at the school in Burlington, Vt. As marijuana has been legalized in several states its use has gone up among teenagers.

Marijuana use is becoming more acceptable to Americans in general – and that includes teenagers.

The shift was highlighted in a 2015 "Monitoring the Future" survey, which found teen use of pot has held steady in the last year even as abuse of most other drugs has declined among teens. At the same time, the survey indicates, teens are showing less concern about the dangers of marijuana use. The survey, published Wednesday by the National Institutes of Health, was conducted by researchers at the University of Michigan.

"We are heartened to see that most illicit drug use is not increasing, non-medical use of prescription opioids is decreasing, and there is improvement in alcohol and cigarette use rates," said Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the NIH's Institute of Drug Abuse, in a press release. "However, continued areas of concern are the high rate of daily marijuana smoking seen among high school students, because of marijuana’s potential deleterious effects on the developing brains of teenagers."

Teens are laying off the "hard drugs," such as heroin and ecstasy at encouraging rates, and abuse of prescription drugs designed to treat pain has declined from 10.5 percent in 2003 to 4.4 percent, according to the survey.

But while use of most drugs declined, teens kept using pot at a stable rate. Even more significantly, the survey found a shift in how teenagers view marijuana use.

Fewer teens reported they thought using weed was risky – 31.9 percent versus 36.1 percent in 2014, and 6 percent of twelfth graders smoke daily. This is in contrast to smoking tobacco, which teenagers now view with caution at increasingly high rates. Three-quarters of high school seniors said smoking a pack of cigarettes per day was harmful.

This shift in how risky teens think marijuana is occurring as more states debate further legalized marijuana use among adults. Four states have legalized marijuana completely, but 23 have legalized it with some restrictions. Teens may be taking their cue from state legislators who feel the drug is not "risky" enough to ban.

Increased acceptance is being seen on the the federal side as well, as President Obama noted a trend toward legalization in an interview with Vice News.

"You're starting to see not just liberal Democrats, but also some very conservative Republicans recognize [prohibition] doesn't make sense, including sort of the libertarian wing of the Republican Party," he told Vice News in April.

The decline of most drug use and smoking among teens may show that educating teenagers about the hazards of drugs can impact their behavior. But if the message is mixed – as it is when states legalize the drug for broader and broader use among adults while still telling teens to avoid it – the results of drug prevention programs could be mixed as well.

With more state legislatures poised to legalize marijuana, statistics describing the impact shifts at the legislative level can have on teenage behavior are all the more significant.

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.

QR Code to Are new laws leading more teens to smoke marijuana?
Read this article in
https://www.csmonitor.com/USA/USA-Update/2015/1216/Are-new-laws-leading-more-teens-to-smoke-marijuana
QR Code to Subscription page
Start your subscription today
https://www.csmonitor.com/subscribe