Pushing the government to the brink of a partial shutdown, the White House is insisting that Congress provide $5 billion to build a wall along the US-Mexico border despite lawmaker resistance from both parties.
Without a resolution, parts of the federal government will shut down at midnight Dec. 22.
"We're going to do whatever is necessary to build the border wall to stop this ongoing crisis of illegal immigration," White House senior adviser Stephen Miller said Dec. 16.
Asked if that meant having a government shutdown, he said: "If it comes to it, absolutely."
President Trump said last week he would be "proud" to have a shutdown to get Congress to approve a $5 billion down payment to fulfill his campaign promise to build a border wall. But the president doesn't have the votes from the Republican-controlled Congress to support funding for the wall at that level.
Both major political parties in Congress have suggested that Mr. Trump would likely need to make the next move to resolve the impasse. The House is taking an extended weekend break, returning the night of Dec. 19. The Senate returns Dec. 17 after a three-day absence.
The Democratic congressional leaders, Sen. Chuck Schumer and Rep. Nancy Pelosi, have proposed no more than $1.6 billion, as outlined in a bipartisan Senate bill. The money would not go for the wall but for fencing upgrades and other border security. Democrats also offered to simply keep funding at its current level, $1.3 billion.
Showing no signs of budging, Senator Schumer said Dec. 16 that it was up to Trump to decide whether the federal government will partially shut down, sending thousands of federal employees home without pay during the holidays.
About one-quarter of the government would be affected, including the departments of Homeland Security, Transportation, Agriculture, State, and Justice, as well as national parks. The US Postal Service, busy delivering packages for the holiday season, wouldn't be affected by any government shutdown because it's an independent agency.
"He is not going to get the wall in any form," Schumer said.
Trump had neither accepted nor rejected the Democrats' proposal as of Dec. 14, according to the Democrats, telling them he would take a look. Trump will need Democratic votes either way, now or in the new year, for passage.
Trump, during his 2016 presidential campaign, promised that Mexico would pay for the wall. Mexico refused.
Wyoming Sen. John Barrasso, the No. 3 Republican in the Senate, said Republicans remain hopeful they can come up with a proposal that can be acceptable to Trump and pass both chambers. He suggested that could take the form of a stopgap bill that extends funding until January or a longer-term bill that includes money for border security.
"There are a lot of things you need to do with border security," he said. "One is a physical barrier but also the technology, the manpower, the enforcement, all of those things, and our current laws are in some ways an incentive for people to come to this country illegally, and they go through great risk and possibly great harm."
Sen. Susan Collins (R) of Maine urged senators to revisit a bill she helped push earlier this year that would provide $2.5 billion for border security, including physical barriers as well as technology and border patrol agents.
Schumer declined to say whether Democrats would be willing to consider proposals other than the two options that he and Representative Pelosi offered.
Republicans "should join us in one of these two proposals, which would get more than enough votes passed and avoid a shutdown," Schumer said. "Then, if the president wants to debate the wall next year, he can. I don't think he'll get it. But he shouldn't use innocent workers as hostage for his temper tantrum."
Mr. Miller and Senator Barrasso spoke on CBS' "Face the Nation," Schumer appeared on NBC's "Meet the Press," and Senator Collins was on ABC's "This Week."
This story was reported by The Associated Press.