Taking a first step to adjust to its dramatic population loss during the past decade, Detroit unveiled a plan Wednesday that would see different parts the city receive different levels of service based on how like they are to grow and thrive in the future.
While Mayor Dave Bing said no community would go without essentials including police, fire, emergency services, and trash collection, the healthier parts of the city would have services – such as economic development and tree trimming – that more-blighted areas would not.
The announcement represents the first action by Mayor Bing's Detroit Works Project, a task force launched nearly 14 months ago to create a long-term plan for the city. With the Detroit population now at 713,777 – more than 1 million less than it was in 1950 and 25 percent less than it was a decade ago – there is widespread agreement that the city needs to take dramatic steps to regain even part of its past prosperity.
The plan attempts to strike a balance between residents who resisted efforts to virtually shut down their areas of the city and urban planners who argue that a much broader and bolder blueprint for the future is needed.
Under the plan, neighborhoods will be classified as one of the following:
- Steady: The healthiest neighborhoods, with a high volume of well-kept and owner-occupied homes on land with high property values.
- Transitional: Marginal neighborhoods that have a mix of owner-occupied homes and rental properties and have suffered from some population loss.
- Distressed: Neighborhoods with the lowest property values, high vacancy rates, significant vacant land, and homes with significant physical decline.
The level of city services will be determined by the neighborhood classification. For instance, distressed neighborhoods will have a comparatively low concentration of public lighting and road improvements. Meanwhile, economic development such as improved commercial corridors will be high for steady neighborhoods but medium and low for transitional and distressed areas, respectively.
The city is rolling out the plan slowly and has begun by designating only three areas of the city for a trial run. Progress will be tracked for six months, and that will determine whether or not the program will expand citywide.
“Each market is different and has its own set of circumstances … the data provides us with a clearer picture as to how our city government can be more effective at concentrating our limited resources based on the needs of the specific type of market,” Bing said.
The initiative is the most dramatic step Detroit has made under Bing’s leadership in trying to reshape its neighborhoods to make up for decades of population loss. But the Detroit Works Project remains under scrutiny. Critics say it has failed to provide a long-term vision for the city and is not doing enough to promote neighborhoods that are flourishing to residents in those areas that are floundering.
Wednesday's announcement amounts to just an assessment of service delivery to some neighborhoods, says Margaret Dewer, a professor of urban and regional planning at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
“What’s the aim? Without the overall vision of what the city should become, how do you know what you’re doing?” Professor Dewer asks.
In order for Detroit to become a vibrant city despite its shrinking population, it needs to take less of a piecemeal approach and focus on tangible efforts to make the city smaller, which would then determine service delivery accordingly, she says.
Phone calls and e-mails to the mayor’s office were not returned at press time.
But community leader William Barlage, president of the East English Village Association, says the announcement is “an important step” in moving the city forward. His neighborhood is one of the most stable in Detroit, which is likely why it wasn’t included in the program’s first trial. However, Mr. Barlage says it is “important” that the mayor start with other areas that typically have not received much attention from the city.
He says Detroit is unique because of the “spirit” of the people who live there and their commitment to neighborhoods other than their own. “We live here because we want to live here and be good neighbors and make a difference and enjoy it, which we do,” he says.