President Barack Obama announced an emergency purchase of up to $170 million of meat and fish on Monday on a campaign trip to drought-hit Iowa, and accused Republican vice presidential candidate Paul Ryan of blocking disaster aid to farmers.
Obama named the Wisconsin congressman, the presumptive Republican nominee for vice president, as "one of those leaders of Congress standing in the way of the Farm Bill." The 2012 bill, which includes disaster aid programs, is stalled in the Republican-controlled House of Representatives.
"So if you happen to see congressman Ryan, tell him how important this farm bill is to Iowa and our rural communities," Obama said in remarks to be delivered in Council Bluffs, on the Missouri River on the western edge of Iowa.
"It's time to put politics aside and pass it right away."
As the House Budget Committee chairman, Ryan has demanded large cuts in Farm Bill spending, including food stamps for the poor. He was also campaigning in Iowa on Monday, two days after being chosen to be Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney's running mate for the Nov. 6 election.
Ryan voted for a $383 million livestock disaster aid bill that the House passed on Aug. 2 before a five-week recess. A Romney campaign spokesman said "no one will work harder to defend farmers and ranchers than the Romney-Ryan ticket."
U.S. farmers are suffering through their worst drought in a half a century as concern mounts that livestock producers can't afford the soaring cost of corn, a staple for feed.
Money from emergency fund
Under the plan announced by Obama, the Agriculture Department will buy pork, lamb, chicken and catfish with money from an emergency fund for responses to natural disasters. The food will be sent to assistance programs, such as food banks.
Obama planned a three-day swing through Iowa, a battleground state the Democrat hopes to win in November. He planned to visit a farm in the No. 1 corn-producing state to witness the impact of the drought. The Iowa corn crop is forecast 25 percent smaller than 2011 due to the worst drought in half a century.
The White House also is directing the Department of Defense to "encourage" its vendors to speed up purchases of lamb, pork and beef and freeze the food for later use.
"This is a win-win. Farmers and ranchers will have an opportunity to sell more of their products at this critical time and taxpayers will get a better price on food that would have been purchased later," a White House official said.
"The president has directed his administration to continue exploring every possible avenue to provide relief to communities struggling with this historic natural disaster."
Analyst Mark McMinimy of Guggenheim Partners noted the "incredibly fortuitous timing" of the announcement, which he said demonstrated the advantages that Obama has as an incumbent running for re-election. The money for the purchases will come from a fund reserved for helping farmers and ranchers hit by natural disaster.
Last week the governors of two poultry-growing states, Maryland and Delaware, asked the Obama administration for relief from the requirement to use corn ethanol in gasoline, saying the crop was needed to feed livestock.
Impact on livestock prices
The announcement of the purchases, a small amount compared to annual U.S. meat production, had little immediate impact on livestock prices in Chicago markets.
Livestock prices are expected to weaken as the higher cost of corn, soybeans and hay forces farmers and ranchers to send animals to slaughter sooner. On Friday, the government said high feed prices were expected to squeeze returns to producers.
So far this fiscal year, the Agriculture Department has spent $941 million to buy more than 1 billion lbs (453.6 million kg) of food, from apricots and beans to potatoes and walnuts along with meat, eggs and fish, for the school lunch and food donation programs.