There's no question that the institution of college is here to stay – in the information era, education is the credential that certifies students as being engaged in the modern world. The operative question is, by contrast: What are we willing to pay for it? And what do we get for our money?
A survey released yesterday by Sallie Mae found that parents are contributing less of their income toward their child’s college education – about 10 percent less – than they did four years ago. This comes even as the percentage of parents describing college as a (presumably worthwhile) investment climbed 10 points to 90 percent.
Once upon a time, college was an option generally only for the strongest students, and a college degree largely guaranteed a series of well-paying, white-collar jobs from graduation to retirement. For many jobs now, however, a college degree is a requirement for applicants in the way that a high school degree once was – it's a gate check, not a guarantee.
This creates a paradox: the college degree is more essential, less of a valuable differentiator, and far more expensive than it used to be. All of this reevaluation is taking place even as the Internet threatens to completely overturn the apple cart and make affordable, quality distance-learning a practical reality.
The result is that parents increasingly want their kids to obtain some kind of college degree – but they don't want to go broke in the process.
According to the Sallie Mae survey, one-fifth of parents added work hours to pay for college and half of students increased their work hours, too. The report found 57 percent of families said students were living at home or with relatives, up from 41 percent last year and 44 percent in 2011.
Among other strategies employed to deal with costs:
- One-fifth of students from low-income families chose to transfer to less expensive schools.
- About one-fifth of students said they changed majors to fields that were expected to be more marketable upon graduation.
- In all, 67 percent of students and their families eliminated colleges at some stage during the application process because of costs, up from 58 percent in 2008.
The impact of all this economizing is hard to know. What's given up by going to a less expensive school – the name? The actual classes? The market value of the degree? What's sacrificed by living at home – hard parties? Study opportunities? Networking? Nothing whatsoever?
When I attended college at the University of Wisconsin in the late '90s, in-state tuition was less than $2,000 a semester. In return for that sizable but manageable chunk of my parents' money, I got access to a world-class education (which I largely squandered in favor of ska concerts and late-night coffee runs) and the opportunity to work for a paper on the only campus in the US with two competing student dailies (which I took advantage of.)
For an equivalent in-state education at Wisconsin today, I'd pay nearly three times as much, an amount I'd happily pay for my own son, were he of college age right now. (Who knows how things will have changed in 18 years, but it seems likely there'll be even more new stuff to figure out.)
But it's easy to pay far more than $5,000 a semester for college. The idea of paying $30, $40, even $50,000 a year for school is not unusual, and not every expensive school offers the opportunities inherent in a big, battle-tested state system like Wisconsin, or Michigan, or California.
Should my son need $30,000 a year to attend anything less than a platinum-clad, first-rate, world class school, I'll probably say this to him: "Instead of college, how about we give you $120,000 as an investment in the craft-driven business of your choosing after you go through a couple years of working apprenticeships."
I'd be proud to have a son who was a master plumber, or boatwright, or electrician, or any such skilled trade. I'd have more ambiguous feelings about going bankrupt to provide him with a degree in English literature.
This of course assumes that my wife and I have anything like $120,000 to give, which opens an interesting discussion on the state of the journalism industry.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.