Only four percent of the ocean is protected, study reveals

A recent study found that global efforts to protect the world's oceans are severely lacking.

NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research via AP
This undated photo released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration shows deep-sea spiral coral during a dive on the New England Seamount chain in the North Atlantic Ocean. Conservationists are pushing to create the first marine national monument for two underwater areas in the North Atlantic, including the New England Seamount chain. NOAA plans to hold a town hall meeting in Providence, R.I., Tuesday, Sept. 15, 2015, to discuss the possible protections.

Ocean water covers nearly 140 million square miles, or 71 percent of the Earth’s surface. But currently, only four percent is protected. 

A recent study conducted by Lisa Boonzaier and Daniel Pauly of the University of British Columbia found that major steps need to be taken to cover even the most basic global targets to protect marine wildlife. A database created by Sea Around Us set a goal of ten percent by 2020 – but it has taken decades for countries to reach the current four percent.

The biggest problem? Biodiversity is rapidly falling.

In 2010, an international conference organized by the United Nations Aichi Targets called 200 representatives from countries around the world to meet and discuss how to increase biodiversity. Major problems include over-fishing, illegal harvesting, pollution, unsustainable shipping methods, oil spills, and climate change.

Still, studies indicated positive progress. In 2006, a little over one-half of one percent of the world's oceans were being protected; by 2012, coverage climbed to nearly two percent.

“The targets call for much more than just ten percent protection,” said Ms. Boonzaier in a press release from the Sea Around Us. “They require that protected areas be effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected, all of which will help to ensure that MPAs contribute to more than percentage targets and meet the goal of conserving biodiversity.”

Steps are already being made to combat some of these issues. A recent effort – and an unlikely friendship – between the US and Cuba is working to preserve the dwindling shark population in the Caribbean Sea. The nation of Palau, subsisting of over 500 islands in the Pacific Ocean, created the world’s first shark sanctuary and has undertaken stringent measures to protect its marine wildlife.

And for the first time in history, the G7 put the ocean on its agenda as an “issue of global importance” after German chancellor Angela Merkel claimed that oceans have turned into something of a global dustbin with over 13 million tons of plastic waste being dumped into oceans every year. 

In the US alone, 18 percent of US land is federally protected – but less than four percent of its oceans are protected. Florida faces some of the largest coastal development problems, including severe motorboat pollution, over-harvesting, and damaged reefs. Sanctuary scientists have been working to replenish Florida’s coasts after the National Marine Sanctuary was prompted to take action in 1990.  

You've read  of  free articles. Subscribe to continue.

Dear Reader,

About a year ago, I happened upon this statement about the Monitor in the Harvard Business Review – under the charming heading of “do things that don’t interest you”:

“Many things that end up” being meaningful, writes social scientist Joseph Grenny, “have come from conference workshops, articles, or online videos that began as a chore and ended with an insight. My work in Kenya, for example, was heavily influenced by a Christian Science Monitor article I had forced myself to read 10 years earlier. Sometimes, we call things ‘boring’ simply because they lie outside the box we are currently in.”

If you were to come up with a punchline to a joke about the Monitor, that would probably be it. We’re seen as being global, fair, insightful, and perhaps a bit too earnest. We’re the bran muffin of journalism.

But you know what? We change lives. And I’m going to argue that we change lives precisely because we force open that too-small box that most human beings think they live in.

The Monitor is a peculiar little publication that’s hard for the world to figure out. We’re run by a church, but we’re not only for church members and we’re not about converting people. We’re known as being fair even as the world becomes as polarized as at any time since the newspaper’s founding in 1908.

We have a mission beyond circulation, we want to bridge divides. We’re about kicking down the door of thought everywhere and saying, “You are bigger and more capable than you realize. And we can prove it.”

If you’re looking for bran muffin journalism, you can subscribe to the Monitor for $15. You’ll get the Monitor Weekly magazine, the Monitor Daily email, and unlimited access to CSMonitor.com.